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We investigated the usefulness of helical computed tomography(CT)in the morphological diagnosis of pulmonary vein stenosis, particularly that in infants and small children. In total, 20 helical CT examinations were performed in 10 post-operative cases of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Drainage(TAPVD), 3 cases of single right ventricle, and 1 case of single left ventricle. In all cases, distinct morphological imaging was possible. Pulmonary vein stenosis could be categorized into three types: (1)stenosis from the anastomosis of the common pulmonary vein (CPV)-the left atrium (LA) to the peripheral pulmonary vein; (2) stenosis only at the anastomosis of CPV-LA; and (3) stenosis due to compression by nearby organs. Coronal views by multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) provided morphological information along the up-down direction of the body axis. Morphological diagnosis of pulmonary vein stenosis is important in deciding prognosis and therapeutic regimens, and helical CT was considered useful for such diagnosis in our 14 young patients.
pulmonary vein stenosis
Acta Medica Okayama
Okayama University Medical School
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