Author Takagi, Kosei| Yagi, Takahito| Shinoura, Susumu| Umeda, Yuzo| Yoshida, Ryuichi| Nobuoka, Daisuke| Watanabe, Nobuyuki| Kuise, Takashi| Fuji, Tomokazu| Araki, Hiroyuki| Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi|
Published Date 2017-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume71
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54830
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54594
FullText URL 70_5_363.pdf
Author Takagi, Kosei| Yagi, Takahito| Yoshida, Ryuichi| Shinoura, Susumu| Umeda, Yuzo| Nobuoka, Daisuke| Kuise, Takashi| Watanabe, Nobuyuki| Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi|
Abstract Sarcopenia following liver surgery has been reported as a predictor of poor prognosis. Here we investigated predictors of outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and attempted to establish a new comprehensive preoperative assessment protocol. We retrospectively analyzed the cases of 254 patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC with Child-Pugh classification A at our hospital between January 2007 and December 2013. Sarcopenia was evaluated by computed tomography measurement. The influence of sarcopenia on outcomes was evaluated. We used multivariate analyses to assess the impact of prognostic factors associated with outcomes, including sarcopenia. Of the 254 patients, 118 (46.5%) met the criteria for sarcopenia, and 32 had an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status ≥3. The sarcopenic group had a significantly lower 5-year overall survival rate than the non-sarcopenic group (58.2% vs. 82.4% , p=0.0002). In multivariate analyses of prognostic factors, sarcopenia was an independent predictor of poor survival (hazard ratio [HR]=2.28, p=0.002) and poor ASA status (HR=3.17, p=0.001). Sarcopenia and poor ASA status are independent preoperative predictors for poor outcomes after hepatectomy. The preoperative identification of sarcopenia and ASA status might enable the development of comprehensive approaches to assess surgical eligibility.
Keywords sarcopenia American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status hepatectomy hepatocellular carcinoma prognostic factor
Amo Type Original Articles
Published Date 2016-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 363
End Page 370
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27777428
Web of Sience KeyUT 000388098700005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54419
FullText URL 70_3_197.pdf
Author Takagi, Kosei| Yagi, Takahito| Yoshida, Ryuichi| Shinoura, Susumu| Umeda, Yuzo| Nobuoka, Daisuke| Kuise, Takashi| Watanabe, Nobuyuki| Sui, Kenta| Fuji, Tomokazu| Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi|
Abstract The operative mortality and morbidity of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) remain high. We analyzed PD patientsʼ clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes and discuss how PD clinical outcomes could be improved. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 400 patients who underwent a PD between January 1998 and April 2014 at Okayama University Hospital, a very-high-volume center. We identified and compared the clinical outcomes between two time periods (period 1: 1998-2006 vs. period 2: 2007-2014). The total postoperative mortality and major complication rates were 0.75 and 15.8 , respectively, and the median postoperative length of stay (LOS) was 32 days. Subsequently, patients who underwent a PD during period 2 had a significantly shorter LOS than those who underwent a PD during period 1 (29 days vs. 38.5 days, p<0.001). The incidence of mortality and major complications did not differ between the two periods. In our multivariate analysis, period 1 was an independent factor associated with a long LOS (p<0.001). The improvement of the surgical procedure and perioperative care might be related to the shorter LOS in period 2 and ot the consistently maintained low mortality rate after PD. The development of multimodal strategies to accelerate postoperative recovery may further improve PDʼs clinical outcomes.
Keywords pancreaticoduodenectomy surgical outcome mortality major complication length of stay
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2016-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 197
End Page 203
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27339209
Web of Sience KeyUT 000379406100007