Okayasu, Mitsuhiro Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University ORCID Kaken ID researchmap
Ogawa, Tsukasa Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University
Failure characteristics of PbZrTiO3 (PZT) ceramic plates are investigated under cyclic loading with rods of different diameters, i.e., different contact areas (0–20 mm). The voltage generated under loading by the rod with the smallest diameter (contact area) is higher than those for the larger contact areas. This is due to the high strain induced in the PZT ceramic. However, the opposite trend is seen when the loading exceeds 60 N, i.e., the voltage obtained for the smallest contact area is lower. This is caused by failure of the PZT ceramic. The voltage generated under cyclic loading by the 5-mm, 10-mm, 15-mm, and 20-mm rods drops by about 10% in the early cyclic loading stage, but then remains constant until 10,000 cycles. The reduction in voltage is influenced mainly by 90° domain switching. In this case, many grains (about 15% of the total) are switched: a random domain orientation is switched to the ⟨100⟩ direction perpendicular to the ceramic plate, i.e., a crystalline texture is formed. In contrast, there is significant reduction in voltage under loading by the 0-mm rod (point contact). As the extent of domain switching for the 0-mm rod is similar to that for the other rods, the reduction in electrical generation can be attributed to crack generation resulting from the high deformation.
lead zirconate titanate ceramic
electrical power generation
This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Journal of Electronic Materials. The final authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11664-020-08303-7. This fulltext is available in Jul. 2021.
Journal of Electronic Materials
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