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ID 2245
Eprint ID
2245
FullText URL
O003441.pdf 523 KB
Title Alternative
培養内皮細胞におけるオキシヘモグロビンによるアポトーシスの誘導
Author
Ogiwara, Kotaro
Abstract
OBJECT: Oxyhemoglobin (OxyHb) is one of the most important spasmogens for cerebral vasospasm that follows aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. The cytotoxic effect of OxyHb has been documented in endothelial and smooth-muscle cells; however, the pattern of cell death--necrosis or apoptosis--as the final stage of cell damage has not been demonstrated. This study was undertaken to determine if OxyHb induces apoptotic changes in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells. METHODS: Confluent bovine aortic endothelial cells were treated with OxyHb in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Cell density was assayed by counting the number of cells that attached to culture dishes after exposure to OxyHb. To identify apoptotic changes, the investigators used three specific methods: DNA fragmentation (electrophoreses), the apoptotic body (transmission electron microscopy), and cleavage of poly (adenosine diphosphate ribose) polymerase (PARP [Western blotting]). CONCLUSIONS: Oxyhemoglobin decreased cell density in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Analysis of DNA showed a pattern of internucleosomal cleavage characteristic of apoptosis (DNA ladder). Transmission electron microscopy demonstrated condensation of nuclei and apoptotic bodies in OxyHb-treated endothelial cells. Western blotting with the PARP antibody revealed that the 116-kD PARP was cleaved to the 85-kD apoptosis-related fragment. These results for the first time demonstrated that the OxyHb induces apoptosis in cultured endothelial cells.
Keywords
apoptosis
oxyhemoglobin
endothelial cell
vasospasm
Note
掲載順位 125
Published Date
2000-03-25
Publication Title
Content Type
Thesis or Dissertation
Grant Number
乙第3441号
Granted Date
2000-03-25
Thesis Type
Doctor of Philosophy in Medical Science
Grantor
岡山大学
Official Url
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=10470822&dopt=Abstract
language
日本語
File Version
none
Refereed
Unknown