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ID 32101
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Author
Zhang, Shan
Hagioka, Shingo
Morita, Kiyoshi
Abstract

To elucidate the mechanism by which hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) induces electrical discharge, changes in the extracellular concentrations of GABA and glutamate were measured every 5 min using a microdialysis technique in rats during a period of exposure to HBO2 (5 atm abs). Electrical discharge was observed at 28 +/- 4 min after the onset of exposure. Though the extracellular concentrations of glutamate remained unchanged, the extracellular GABA concentrations (pre-exposure level, 0.026 +/- 0.005 microM in dialysate) began to decrease 15 min after the onset of exposure and reached their lowest level (74 +/- 14%, 0.019 +/- 0.004 microM) at the time of appearance of the discharge. There was a close logistic relationship between extracellular GABA concentrations and the discharge incidence, and the extracellular concentrations of GABA causing electrical discharge in 50% of the animals were estimated to be 80% of the pre-exposure level. These results suggest a possible mechanism that HBO2 exposure-induced discharge is caused by the decrease in extracellular concentration of GABA.

Keywords
glutamic acid
hyperbaric oxygenation
gamma-aminobutyricacid
microdialysis
seizures
Amo Type
Article
Published Date
2004-04
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume58
Issue
issue2
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
91
End Page
95
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT