JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/56244
FullText URL 72_5_467_n.pdf
Author Vika Fatafehi Hala’ufia Lemoto| Sugimoto, Kentaro| Kanazawa, Tomoyuki| Matsuzaki, Takashi| Morimatsu, Hiroshi|
Abstract We investigated the incidence of desaturation during general anesthesia in preoperatively hypoxic (< 92%), and nonhypoxic (≥ 92%) pediatric (n=1,090) and adult (n=5,138) patients. We plotted the patients’ SpO2 value time-courses and assessed desaturation in 6,228 patients. The crude overall incidence (95%CI) for desaturation was 11.1% (9.4-13.1) in the pediatric patients and 0.9% (0.6-1.2) in the adults. The crude incidence of desaturation in the hypoxic pediatric patients was 2.5 times the risk in the nonhypoxic patients: risk ratio (RR) 2.5 (1.8-3.5), p<0.001. The risk of desaturation in the hypoxic adult patients was 20.1 times the risk in the nonhypoxic adult patients: RR 20.1 (10.3-39.2), p<0.001. When the patients were separately stratified by American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA-PS) and by age, the directly adjusted risk-ratio (RRS) showed that the hypoxic pediatric patients had 1.8 and 1.6 times the risk in the nonhypoxic pediatric patients: ASA-PS adjusted RRS 1.6 (1.8-2.2), p<0.001; age-adjusted RRS 1.8 (1.3-2.5), p<0.001, and the hypoxic adult patients had 13.8 times the risk in the nonhypoxic adult patients: RRS 13.8 (6.9-27.6), p<0.001. A pulse-oximeter check before the start of general anesthesia could ensure timely preparation to avoid intraoperative desaturation.
Keywords desaturation incidence pulse oximetry general anesthesia adult pediatric
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2018-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume72
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 467
End Page 478
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 30369603