Author Waki, Takahiro| Katsui, Kuniaki| Mitsuhashi, Toshiharu| Ogata, Takeshi| Katayama, Norihisa| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Kanazawa, Susumu|
Published Date 2017-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume71
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54823
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53554
FullText URL 69_4_189.pdf
Author Yamashita, Mako| Katayama, Norihisa| Waki, Takahiro| Katsui, Kuniaki| Himei, Kengo| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Kanazawa, Susumu|
Abstract This study compared field-in-field (FIF) radiotherapy with conformal radiotherapy with physical wedges for the treatment of unilateral cervical malignant lymphoma. Two treatment plans, the FIF technique and conformal RT, were generated for each of 32 patients with unilateral cervical malignant lymphoma. To compare the 2 treatment plans, dose-volume histograms of the planning target volume (PTV), the thyroid, submandibular gland, carotid artery, mucosa, spinal cord, and surrounding normal tissue, and monitor unit (MU) were analyzed. The FIF technique showed significant reduction in the mean dose of thyroid, submandibular gland, carotid artery and mucosa, the maximum dose of the spinal cord and PTV, and the volume receiving>107% of the prescribed dose of surrounding normal tissue (p<0.001). In addition, there were gains in the homogeneity index of the PTV for FIF. Furthermore, the total MU was also lower for the FIF technique than for the wedge technique (p<0.001). Compared with the wedge technique, the FIF technique improved the dose homogeneity of the PTV, reduced the dose to normal structures, and was associated with fewer MUs in the treatment of patients with cervical malignant lymphoma.
Keywords field-in-field technique wedge lymphoma monitor units dose-volume histogram
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2015-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume69
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 189
End Page 195
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 26289909
Web of Sience KeyUT 000365519100001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52009
FullText URL 67_6_359.pdf
Author Katashima, Kazunori| Kuroda, Masahiro| Ashida, Masakazu| Sasaki, Takanori| Taguchi, Takehito| Matsuzaki, Hidenobu| Murakami, Jun| Yanagi, Yoshinobu| Hisatomi, Miki| Hara, Marina| Kato, Hirokazu| Ohmura, Yuichi| Kobayashi, Tomoki| Kanazawa, Susumu| Harada, Sosuke| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Ohno, Seiichiro| Mimura, Seiichi| Asaumi, Junichi|
Abstract It is well known that many tumor tissues show lower apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values, and that several factors are involved in the reduction of ADC values. The aim of this study was to clarify how much each factor contributes to decreases in ADC values. We investigate the roles of cell density, extracellular space, intracellular factors, apoptosis and necrosis in ADC values using bio-phantoms. The ADC values of bio-phantoms, in which Jurkat cells were encapsulated by gellan gum, were measured by a 1.5-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging device with constant diffusion time of 30sec. Heating at 42℃ was used to induce apoptosis while heating at 48℃ was used to induce necrosis. Cell death after heating was evaluated by flow cytometric analysis and electron microscopy. The ADC values of bio-phantoms including non-heated cells decreased linearly with increases in cell density, and showed a steep decline when the distance between cells became less than 3μm. The analysis of ADC values of cells after destruction of cellular structures by sonication suggested that approximately two-thirds of the ADC values of cells originate from their cellular structures. The ADC values of bio-phantoms including necrotic cells increased while those including apoptotic cells decreased. This study quantitatively clarified the role of the cellular factors and the extracellular space in determining the ADC values produced by tumor cells. The intermediate diffusion time of 30msec might be optimal to distinguish between apoptosis and necrosis.
Keywords ADC apoptosis necrosis hyperthermia cell density
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2013-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume67
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 359
End Page 367
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24356720
Web of Sience KeyUT 000328915700004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49044
FullText URL 66_6_475.pdf
Author Hase, Soichiro| Mitsumori, Akihito| Inai, Ryota| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Matsubara, Shinichiro| Akamatsu, Nobuo| Fujisawa, Masayoshi| Joja, Ikuo| Sato, Shuhei| Kanazawa, Susumu|
Abstract The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of endometrial polyps in order to differentiate them from other endometrial lesions. MRI was retrospectively reviewed in 40 patients with pathologically proven endometrial polyps. Special attention was paid to the sizes, shapes, margins, internal structures, signal intensities, and post-contrast enhancement patterns. A central fibrous core, intratumoral cysts, and hemorrhage were seen in 30 (75%), 22 (55%), and 14 (35%) patients, respectively. The predominant signal intensity of the lesions showed iso-to slightly low signal intensity relative to the endometrium on T2-weighted images in 36 (90%), low signal intensity on diffusion-weighted images in 32 (80%), and strong or moderate enhancement on enhanced T1-weighted images in 28 patients (70%), respectively. In 32 (80%) patients, the endometrial polyps showed global or partial early enhancement. On dynamic study, rapid enhancement with a persistent strong enhancement pattern was seen in 17 (42.5%) and a gradually increasing enhancement pattern was seen in 17 patients (42.5%). These MRI features can be helpful to distinguish the endometrial polyps from various other endometrial lesions.
Keywords endometrial polyp central fibrous core intratumoral cyst magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uterus
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 475
End Page 485
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 23254582
Web of Sience KeyUT 000312966100007
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/49723
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32906
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Mukai, Takashi| Mimura, Hidefumi| Gobara, Hideo| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Himei, Kengo| Hiraki, Takao| Hase, Soichiro| Fujiwara, Hiroyasu| Iguchi, Toshihiro| Tajiri, Nobuhisa| Sakurai, Jun| Yasui, Kotaro| Sano, Yoshifumi| Date, Hiroshi| Kanazawa, Susumu|
Abstract We report the clinical experience of radiofrequency ablation followed by radiation therapy for large primary lung tumors. Two patients with large primary lung tumors were treated with combined radiofrequency ablation and radiation therapy, and good local control was observed. Combined radiofrequency ablation and radiation therapy that involves minimally invasive techniques appears to be promising for the treatment of large lung tumors.
Keywords radiofrequency ablation lung cancer radiation therapy
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2007-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 177
End Page 180
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 17593954
Web of Sience KeyUT 000247574700008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31983
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Fujie, Shunji| Okumura, Yoshihiro| Sato, Shuhei| Akaki, Shiro| Katsui, Kuniaki| Himei, Kengo| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Kanazawa, Susumu|
Abstract <p>We investigated the diagnostic capabilities of I-131, Tl-201, and Tc-99m-MIBI (hexakis-2-methoxyisobutyl- isonitrile) scintigraphy for thyroid cancer metastases after total thyroidectomy over the entire body and for every locus before and after thyroid bed ablation. After total thyroidectomy of thyroid cancer, 36 cases were subjected to I-131 treatment 64 times. They consisted of 17 men and 19 women with 31 papillary carcinomas and 5 follicular carcinomas. Their ages were 22--75(an average of 60.5+/-12.3) years. I-131 scintigraphy(I-131), Tl-201 scintigraphy(Tl-201), and Tc-99m- MIBI scintigraphy (Tc-99m-MIBI) were performed. We defined the metastases as those cases in which serum thyroglobulin (Tg)increased significantly or in which we were able to prove the lesions on CT (computed tomography), MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or bone scintigram. Three radiology medical specialists visually evaluated each scintigram and calculated the sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratio. For whole-body sensitivity, both Tl-201 and Tc-99m-MIBI were high before ablation and I-131 was high after ablation. Before ablation, the negative likelihood ratio was less than 0.1 for Tl-201 and Tc-99m-MIBI, while the positive likelihood ratio was more than 10 for Tl-201. After ablation, the positive likelihood ratio for I-131, Tl-201, and Tc-99m-MIBI was more than 10. The sensitivity of the mediastinum was appropriate, except for I-131 before ablation, and the sensitivity of the lung before and after ablation was inferior for either tracer. The specificity of the cervix for I-131 before ablation was markedly deteriorated, but it increased after ablation.</p>
Keywords I-131scintigraphy Tl-201 scintigraphy Tc-99m-MIBI scintigraphy thyroid cancer metastases
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2005-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume59
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 99
End Page 107
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 16049563
Web of Sience KeyUT 000230039100005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31705
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Takata, Ichiro| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Tabata, Masahiro| Takigawa, Nagio| Katayama, Hideki| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Hiraki, Yoshio| Harada, Mine| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Abstract <p>A pilot study was conducted to assess the efficacy and feasibility of daily low-dose cisplatin with concurrent thoracic irradiation for clinically unresectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with inoperable NSCLC who had poor risk factors such as advanced age, poor performance status, poor lung function, or concomitant active malignancy were entered into the study. Low-dose cisplatin (6 mg/m2) was administered daily before concurrent thoracic irradiation (2 Gy/day; total dose of 60 Gy) was given. Twenty-five patients were registered. The majority of the patients had either stage IIIA (24.0%) or stage IIIB (60.0%) disease. Fifteen patients (60.0%) completed the planned treatment. Both chemotherapy and radiotherapy were stopped in 3 patients (12.0%) due to poor response, and 7 patients (28.0%) partly received radiotherapy alone as a result of their toxicity response. The proportion of total administered dose to planned dose was 90.9% for chemotherapy and 99.3% for radiotherapy, which were comparable to those in previous studies for LA-NSCLC patients without poor risk factors. Grade 3 leukopenia and neutropenia developed in 14 patients (56.0%) and 10 patients (40.0%), respectively, but grade 4 toxicity was not encountered. Grade 3 pneumonitis and esophagitis were observed in 4 patients (16.0%) and 2 patients (8.0%), respectively. The overall response rate was 60.0%. The median survival time was 22 months, and the 2-year survival rate was 50.3%. Daily low-dose cisplatin and concurrent thoracic irradiation were well tolerated even by poor-risk patients with NSCLC, and showed a therapeutic efficacy similar to that for good-risk patients.</p>
Keywords non-small-cell lung cancer concurrent chemoradiotherapy low-dose cisplatin poor-risk factor
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2002-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume56
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 261
End Page 266
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 12530510
Web of Sience KeyUT 000178668100007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31638
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Kuroda, Masahiro| Inamura, Keiji| Tahara, Seiji| Kurabayashi, Yuzuru| Akagi, Tadaatsu| Asaumi, Junichi| Togami, Izumi| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Honda, Osamu| Morioka, Yasuki| Kawasaki, Shoji| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract <p>We developed a reliable system for the irradiation of xenografted tumors in mice which allows for accurate local irradiation under specific pathogen-free conditions. The system presented here consists of acrylic supports for mice and an acrylic box connected to a pump through 0.22 microns pore-sized filters. Mice with xenotransplanted tumors growing on their right hind legs were set on the supports and put into the box in a laminar flow hood. The tumors of 7 mice were irradiated simultaneously with X-rays of 6 and 10 MV generated by a linear accelerator at a dose rate of 3.1-4.7 Gy/min. The air was ventilated through filters during irradiation in the closed box. Microorganism tests confirmed that no bacteria entered or left the box. One of the significant characteristics of this setup is that it allows for irradiation under conditions of acute hypoxia, which is obtained using an integrated tourniquet. The dose variation among 7 tumors was less than 1%. The rest of the mouse's body was shielded effectively by a half-field technique and a lead block. As a result, the whole body dose for the mice was 0-4% of the total dose absorbed by the tumor. Due to the high dose rate and the ability to irradiate 7 mice simultaneously under specific pathogen-free conditions, this new system can be considered a time-saving and valuable tool for radiation oncology research.</p>
Keywords animal experiment mouse radiotherapy linear accelerator specirfic pathogen-free
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1999-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume53
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 111
End Page 118
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
Web of Sience KeyUT 000081201100002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31630
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Michinori| Joja, Ikuo| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Kuroda, Masahiro| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract We analyzed the influence of various parameters on the results of radiotherapy for T1 glottic cancer by assessing the outcomes of 60 patients with this cancer who received definitive radiotherapy between 1985 and 1994. Seven patients were treated with a cobalt-60 unit, and the other 53 with a linear accelerator (26 patients at 3-MV, 10 at 6-MV, and 17 at 10-MV). Of the 17 patients treated at 10-MV, 4 also received part of their treatment with a cobalt-60 unit. The total radiation dose ranged from 56 Gy to 70 Gy (mean, 61 Gy). The total radiation dose of 51 patients (85%) was 60 Gy. The factors found to influence local control were the strength of the radiation beam energy and whether or not there was gross tumor invasion of the anterior commissure. The local control rate was 71% in the patients treated with a 10-MV linear accelerator, 56% in those treated with a 6-MV linear accelerator and, 97% in those treated with a cobalt-60 unit or a 3-MV linear accelerator (P = 0.0173). The local control rate was 43% in the patients with gross anterior commissure invasion and 88% in those without (P = 0.0075). We conclude that low energy photon beams are more suitable for the treatment of early glottic cancers, especially if the lesion grossly invades the anterior commissure.
Keywords T1 glottic cancers radiotherapy radiation beam energy
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1999-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume53
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 91
End Page 94
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders Copyright© 1999 Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
Web of Sience KeyUT 000080058700005
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/3496
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30986
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Ebara, Shin| Katayama, Yoshihisa| Tanimoto, Ryuta| Edamura, Kohei| Nose, Hiroyuki| Manabe, Daisuke| Kobayashi, Tomoko| Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Kobuke, Makoto| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Saika, Takeshi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kanazawa, Susumu| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>From January 2004 to March 2007, 308 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer were treated using iodine-125 (125I) seed implantation (permanent brachytherapy) at Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences. We evaluated the treatment’s effi cacy and morbidity in 300 prostate cancer patients who were followed up for more than 1 month after brachytherapy. Based on the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines, patients with a prostate volume of less than 40 ml in transrectal ultrasound imaging were classifi ed as low or intermediate risk. The median patient age was 67 years (range 50 to 79 years), the median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value before biopsy was 6.95 ng/ml (range 1.13 to 24.7 ng/ml), and the median prostate volume was 24.33 ml (range 9.3 to 41.76 ml). The median follow-up was 18 months (range 1 to 36 months) and the PSA levels decreased in almost all patients after brachytherapy. Although 194 of 300 patients (64.7%) complained of diffi culty in urination, pollakisuria/urgency, miction pain, and/or urinary incontinence, all of which might be associated with radiation prostatitis during the fi rst month after brachytherapy, these symptoms gradually improved. 125I seed implantation brachytherapy is safe and eff ective for localized prostate cancer within short-term follow up.</p>
Keywords localized prostate cancer brachytherapy prostate specific antigen urinary morbidity
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2008-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume62
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 9
End Page 13
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 3558
Web of Sience KeyUT 000255297600011