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ID 53118
JaLCDOI
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Thumnail 69_1_17.pdf 6.62 MB
Author
Suzuki, Norihiro
Takata, Minoru
Shirafuji, Yoshinori
Asagoe, Kenji
Hatta, Naohito
Abstract
Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsies have widely been used for the detection of occult LN metastasis of malignant melanoma (MM). In addition to conventional biomarkers, we assessed the diagnostic and prognostic significance of melanoma-initiating cell (MIC) markers in SLNs of MM. We examined the expressions of gp100, MART-1 and tyrosinase mRNA for routine diagnosis and those of ABCB5, CD133, nestin, KDM5B, NGFR and RANK mRNA as MIC markers. The presence of micrometastasis was confirmed immunohistochemically using antibodies to S-100, HMB-45, MART-1, and tyrosinase. Discordance between immunohistochemical and molecular data was observed in 14 of 70 (20.0%) patients, among whom five (7.1%) were positive for only molecular markers;two of these five patients tested positive for micrometastasis by repeated immunohistochemical stainings. The quantitative expression levels of gp100, MART-1, and tyrosinase mRNA were significantly higher in the metastatic LNs;the cut-off values remain to be elucidated. ABCB5 mRNA expression was detected more frequently in the metastatic SLNs (p<0.05) and in the group of patients with recurrence. To make a definite diagnosis of metastasis, we still need a combination of immunohistochemical and molecular probes. ABCB5 might be a suitable molecular marker for the detection of melanoma-initiating cells in SLNs.
Keywords
melanoma
cancer-initiating cell
sentinel lymph node
ABCB5
Amo Type
Original Article
Published Date
2015-02
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume69
Issue
issue1
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
17
End Page
27
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
Copyright Holders
CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT
Related Url
http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/53114