Interprofessional education and training for collaborative work by nurses and care-workers in a special nursing home with small-scale care units
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The purpose of this study was to identify the interprofessional education and training necessary to achieve teamwork between nurses and care-workers in small-scale care units within special nursing homes. The study design employed an inductive qualitative method. Data were collected from two nurses and three care-workers through personal interviews. Qualitative inductive analysis was used to obtain results. The present situation regarding care in small-scale care units by the two occupational categories was clarified as followed: 1) Despite attempts to work as a team, there were persistent differences in understanding the role of each worker and approach between the two occupational categories, leaving gaps in care. and 2) the care providers in both categories were willing to receive education and training to improve their professional skills and knowledge in order to play their expected roles. For future education, the following training programs were considered to be necessary to achieve cooperation among the two groups in performing the work: 1) a program that helps nurses master practical problemsolving skills, as expertise in problem-solving is expected of nurses in special nursing homes, 2) a program that helps care-workers to enhance their abilities for self-directed study at their level and according to their needs, so that people with various educational backgrounds and needs can obtain knowledge, skills, and ability to practice care. and 3) a program in which both nurses and care-workers can develop mutual respect for the expertise required by each occupation and that will produce synergistic effects on overall care.
ユニットケア (Small Scale Care Units)
Faculty of Health Sciences Okayama University Medical School
Departmental Bulletin Paper
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