JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30739
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Aiga, Ayako| Asaumi, Koji| Lee, You Jin| Kadota, Hiroaki| Mitani, Shigeru| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Takigawa, Masaharu|
Abstract The localization and expression of neurotrophins and their receptors during distraction osteogenesis was investigated in 72 male rat femurs (11 weeks old) to further clarify the concurrence of cellular and molecular events of new bone formation. After osteotomy, a 7-day lag phase was followed by distraction at the rate of 0.25 mm/12 h for 21 days (distraction phase), and a 7-day consolidation phase. The localization of neurotrophins (NGF, BDNF and NT-3) and their receptors tropomyosinrelated kinases (TRKA, TRKB and TRKC) by immunostaining showed positive staining in bone forming cells in each stage, although the presence and staining intensity varied by cell type and phase. The expressions of NGF, BDNF and NT-3 by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) showed that the peak of the mRNA expression of NGF occurred 10 days after distraction. NT-3 increased during bone extension, but decreased when distraction stopped. In contrast, BDNF continued to increase gradually throughout the distraction and consolidation phases. These findings suggest that neurotrophins and their receptors may play different roles in endochondral and intramembranous ossification in distraction osteogenesis. The tension stress caused by distraction may stimulate the expression of neurotrophins and their receptors, and promote osteogenesis.
Keywords neurotrophin Trk distraction osteogenesis mechanical stress
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2006-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume60
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 267
End Page 277
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 17072373
Web of Sience KeyUT 000241509000003