JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30793
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Zhao, Dan-Dan| Watarai, Shinobu| Lee, Jin-tae| Kouchi, Shuuichi| Ohmori, Hitishi| Yasuda, Tatsuji|
Abstract <p>We compared the transfection efficiency of four types of positively charged liposomes composed of (i) N-(&#945;-trimethylammonioacetyl)-didodecyl-D-glutamate chloride (TMAG), dilauroylphosphatidylcholine (DLPC), and dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) (1:2:2 molar ratio); (ii) 3&#946; [N-(N&#8242;, N&#8242;-dimethylaminoethane)-carbamoyl] cholesterol (DC-Chol) and DOPE (3:2 molar ratio); (iii) dimethyldioctadecylammonium bromide (DDAB) and DOPE (1:2.2 molar ratio); (iv) N-[1-(2,3-dioleyloxy) propyl] -N,N,N-trimethylammonium chloride (DOTMA) and DOPE (1:1, w/w; lipofectin). Luciferase gene was used as a reporter gene. Among the cationic liposomes used, the liposomes composed of TMAG, DOPE and DLPC showed a much higher efficiency of plasmid DNA entrapment than the other cationic liposomes tested. In the absence of serum, the cationic multilamellar vesicles (MLV) and small unilamellar vesicles (SUV) composed of TMAG, DOPE and DLPC gave highly efficient transfection. On the other hand, MLV, dehydration-rehydration vesicles (DRV), and SUV liposomes prepared with the mixtures of DC-Chol and DOPE showed similar levels of transfection efficiency. However, the cationic liposomes composed of DDAB and DOPE showed inferior efficiency, whether in the form of DRV, SUV or MLV. The transfection efficiency of lipofectin was also low. In the presence of serum, on the other hand, a considerable (about 30-50%) amount of transfection activity was still observed at 10% fetal calf serum in the cationic MLV and SUV composed of TMAG, DOPE and DLPC. Cationic MLV, composed of TMAG, DOPE and DLPC, can transfect plasmid DNA, not only in the adherent cell lines but also in the suspension cell lines. These findings indicate that the transfection efficiency of cationic liposomes is affected by the lipid composition, the type of liposome, or the presence or absence of serum. They also indicate that the cationic liposomes containing TMAG, DOPE and DLPC are efficient vectors for gene transfer into cells.</p>
Keywords cationic liposome luciferase plasmid DNA transfection efficiency
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1997-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume51
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 149
End Page 154
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 9227794
Web of Sience KeyUT A1997XJ12700006