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ID 16645
Eprint ID
16645
FullText URL
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Title Alternative
Metallic mercury uptake by catalase In Vitro metallic mercury uptake by rat liver dissociated cells, homogenate, cell components, heme protein and ferric ion, with the effect of ethyl and methyl alcohol on the uptake
Author
Kenmotsu, Katashi
Abstract
In Vitro metallic mercury uptake by rat liver dissociated cells, homogenate, cell components (microbody-rich fraction, mitochondrial fraction and microsomal fraction), heme protein (catalase, cytochrome c, methemoglobin and hematine) and ferric ion were investigated. The effects of ethyl and methyl alcohol on the uptake were also investigated. The following results were obtained. 1) Mercury uptake by rat liver dissociated celld was similar to the uptake by homogenate. 2) Mercury uptake by rat liver homogenate in the presence of hydrogen peroxide was 1.22 times the uptake in the absence of hydrogen peroxide. The uptake by rat liver dissociated cells in the presence of hydrogen peroxide was similar to the uptake in the absence of hydrogen peroxide. 3) Mercury uptake by crystalline catalase, rat liver dissociated cells and homogenate was inhibited by ethtl alcohol and methyl alcohol, though inhibition of catalase activities was not observed. 4) Mercury uptake by rat liver cell components was observed in the order of microbody-rich fraction > microsomal fraction > mitochondrial fraction, and catalase activities were also observed in the order of microbody-rich fraction > microsomal fraction > mitochondrial fraction. Mercury uptake by rat liver cell components was inhibited by potassium cyanide and azide. 5) Cytochrome c, methemoglobin, catalase and ferric ion oxidized metallic mercury in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. In the absence of hydrogen peroxide, methemoglobin and ferric ion oxidized, but catalase and cytochrome c did not oxidize metallic mercury. 6) Hematine did not oxidize metallic mercury with or without hydrogen peroxide. 7) Uptake by ferric ion was inhibited by equimolar addition of EDTA. 8) In the presence of hydrogen peroxide, mercury uptake by catalase was 27,000 times, cytochrome c was 140 times and methemoglobin was 35 times the uptake by ferric ion. Therefore, of heme protein catalase showed the highest mercury uptake.
Keywords
Catalase
Cytochrom C
Methemoglobin
Cell Components
Dissociated Cell
Published Date
1981-10-30
Publication Title
岡山医学会雑誌
Publication Title Alternative
Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Volume
volume93
Issue
issue9-10
Publisher
岡山医学会
Publisher Alternative
Okayama Medical Association
Start Page
835
End Page
843
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489
Content Type
Journal Article
Official Url
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/joma1947/93/9-10/93_9-10_835/_article/-char/ja/
Related Url
http://www.okayama-u.ac.jp/user/oma/index.html
language
日本語
Copyright Holders
岡山医学会
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
Eprints Journal Name
joma