JaLCDOI 10.18926/15174
Title Alternative The movement of midwifery education and a future challenge
FullText URL 016_2_085_091.pdf
Author Goda, Noriko| Ohmuro, Ritsuko| Niino, Yoshiko| Ichikawa, Kaori| Fuse, Chigusa| Matsumoto, Yukie|
Abstract 我が国における助産学教育は看護学教育の4年制化に伴い,大きな影響を受けている。即ち,短大専攻科の4年制大学への移行により選択枠は減少し,講義および実習時間の短縮化を余儀なくされた。さらに,専門学校の閉廃校も進んで助産師の養成数は減少し,その教育の質にも大きな問題を包含するようになった。一方,少子化が進展し,地域社会や家庭における子育て力の低下等に伴う育児不安や児童虐待が大きな社会問題となっている。このような社会情況の中で,助産師の果たすべき役割は益々増大し,助産師に対する期待は高まる一方である。そこで,助産学教育の動向と取り巻く環境を概観することにより,その問題点を検討した。その結果,1) 4年制看護学教育の中で保健師・助産師・看護師の3つの国家試験受験資格を得ることは容易ではないこと。 2) 社会の要請に応えうる人材育成のための専門的教育課程への移行が急務であることが示唆された。
Abstract Alternative Recently, nursing education entered the four year college system; midwifery education in Japan has come to have serious problems, not only in the decline in the number of midwives training but also in the quality of the education due to abolition of the professional training school and the junior college's advanced midwifery training course. Then, lectures and the clinical training period have been shortened in midwifery education in four year colleges because of the crowded curriculum. On the other hand, the birth rate has been declining, and the anxiety of child care and child abuse are serious social issues in that child care in the community and at home is declining in Japan. The role of midwives has increased all the more, and midwives are indispensable for mothers, babies and families in such social conditions. Also, the problem was examined by surveying the environment surrounding the direction of midwifery education. It is not easy to get three state qualifications of public health nurse, midwife and nurse in the nursing education program within four years. It was suggested that change in the educational system of midwifery was a pressing need to train educated and skilled midwives to meet a social need.
Keywords 助産学教育 (Midwifery education) 助産師 (Midwife) カリキュラム (Curriculum)
Publication Title 岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
Published Date 2006-03-31
Volume volume16
Issue issue2
Start Page 85
End Page 91
ISSN 1345-0948
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307427