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ID 31620
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Author
Dincer, Yildiz
Akcay, Tulay
Konukoglu, Dildar
Hatemi, Husrev
Abstract

In recent years it has been reported that free oxygen radicals play an important role in the pathogenesis of degenerative diseases and that antioxidant vitamins such as vitamins E or C prevent their harmful effects. In this study, we evaluated the following: Erythrocyte susceptibility to lipid peroxidation; the role of erythrocyte glutathione (GSH) as an antioxidant; plasma lipid fractions; and the relationship between plasma lipid peroxides and antioxidant vitamin levels. Thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) levels were measured to determine the levels of plasma lipid peroxides and the susceptibility to lipid peroxidation when erythrocytes were stressed by hydrogen peroxide for 2 h in vitro. Erythrocyte TBARS production was significantly higher in patients with coronary atherosclerosis than in the controls. On the other hand, the levels of plasma high-density lipoproteins, vitamin C, vitamin E and erythrocyte GSH were significantly lower, and the levels of plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoproteins and TBARS were significantly higher in the patients with coronary atherosclerosis than in the controls. In conclusion, our results indicate that erythrocytes from patients with coronary atherosclerosis are more susceptible to oxidation than those of controls and that these patients have lowered antioxidant capacity as revealed by decreased plasma levels of vitamins C and E.

Keywords
atherosclerosis
vitamin C
vitamin E
malondialdehyde
glutathione
Amo Type
Article
Published Date
1999-12
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume53
Issue
issue6
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
259
End Page
264
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT