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Title Alternative
Anti-erythrocyte irregular antibody screening and blood utilization during surgery
Author
Hayashi, Hisatomo
Ogoh, Hiroaki
Watanabe, Toshiyuki
Matsunaga, Chieko
Abstract
Between April 1984 and March 1989, anti-erythrocyte irregular antibodies (Abs) were detected in 329 (4.0%) of 8, 208 patients by a screening test using saline, bromelin and Coombs' methods. Most of them were anti-P(1), Lewis, M, Rh-D, -E, and -c Abs. Of the detected Abs, 174 were reactive at 37°C, with 79 Abs (45.4%), 131 Abs (75.3%) and 150 Abs (86.2%) being detected by the saline, bromelin and Coombs' methods, respectively. Our Ab screening test was found to be 99.99 per cent effective in preventing the transfusion of incompatible blood. We also examined blood utilization during surgery for 28 different types of elective operation in 1976 patients. By analysis of the results of this examination, it was possible to decide on preoperative crossmatch guidelines, i.e. a maximum surgical blood order schedule, for 9 operations in abdominal surgery, 2 in lung surgery, 5 in cardiac surgery, 2 in neurosurgery, 2 in orthopedic surgery and 1 in gynecologic surgery. Arrangements for blood transfusion were unnecessary for cholecystectomy and 6 other operations, but the introduction of “type and screen” appears to be the best way to avoid an urgent order from the surgeon and for improvement in blood availability.
Keywords
type and screen
MSBOS (maximum surgical blood order schedule)
anti-erythrocyte irregular antibody
blood transfusion
Published Date
1990-08
Publication Title
岡山医学会雑誌
Publication Title Alternative
Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Volume
volume102
Issue
issue7-8
Publisher
岡山医学会
Publisher Alternative
Okayama Medical Association
Start Page
921
End Page
929
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489
Content Type
Journal Article
Official Url
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/joma1947/102/7-8/102_7-8_921/_article/-char/ja/
Related Url
http://www.okayama-u.ac.jp/user/oma/
language
日本語
Copyright Holders
岡山医学会
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
Eprints Journal Name
joma