JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/56068
FullText URL 72_3_231.pdf
Author Darwinata, Agus Eka| Gotoh, Kazuyoshi| Mima, Takehiko| Yamamoto, Yumiko| Yokota, Kenji| Matsushita, Osamu|
Abstract The bacterium Vibrio alginolyticus, an opportunistic pathogen in humans, has a type III secretion system (T3SS) that is responsible for its cytotoxicity toward eukaryotic cells. The effector of T3SS that is responsible for the cytotoxicity had not been identified. Here we demonstrate that VepA, a homolog of the T3SS effector in V. parahaemolyticus, is required for cytotoxicity in V. alginolyticus. VepA induces lysosomal membrane permeabilization, and it allows the leakage of only small molecules into the cytosol. Our findings revealed that VepA induces cathepsin-independent cell death in mammalian cells. The ferrous ion, one of the small molecules in the lysosome contents, appears to be involved in the cell death caused by V. alginolyticus VepA.
Keywords cell death lysosomal membrane permeability VepA Vibrio alginolyticus
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2018-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume72
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 231
End Page 239
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 29926000