JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53023
FullText URL 68_6_339.pdf
Author Nishie, Hiroyuki| Mizobuchi, Satoshi| Suzuki, Etsuji| Sato, Kenji| Toda, Yuichiro| Matsuoka, Junji| Morimatsu, Hiroshi|
Abstract The main purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between Japanese individualsʼ interest in living wills and their preferred end-of-life care and death locations. Questionnaires were mailed to 1,000 individuals aged ァ50 to measure these 2 factors. We examined the associations between the respondentsʼ characteristics and their preferred care and death locations by using multinomial logistic regression models. The response rate was 74%. Home was the most frequently preferred place for end-of-life care (64%), and a palliative care unit (PCU) was the most commonly preferred place to die (51%). Living will interest was associated with a preference for care (odds ratio [OR] 4.74, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.95-12.1) and death (OR 2.75, 95% CI 1.70-4.47) in a PCU rather than a hospital, but it was not associated with the choice between receiving care or dying at home instead of a hospital. We must consider why Japanese people think home death is impracticable. The Japanese palliative care system should be expanded to meet patientsʼ end-of-life needs, and this includes not only facilitating home care but also increasing access to PCU care.
Keywords advance healthcare directive living will end-of-life care palliative care unit place of death
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2014-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 339
End Page 348
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25519028
Web of Sience KeyUT 000346882200004
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/53134
Author Nishie, Hiroyuki|
Published Date 2013-08-01
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume125
Issue issue2
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48569
FullText URL 66_3_285.pdf
Author Mizobuchi, Satoshi| Matsuoka, Yoshikazu| Obata, Norihiko| Kaku, Ryuji| Itano, Yoshitaro| Tomotsuka, Naoto| Taniguchi, Arata| Nishie, Hiroyuki| Kanzaki, Hirotaka| Ouchida, Mamoru| Morita, Kiyoshi|
Abstract Perioperative beta-blocker administration has recently been recommended for patients undergoing cardiac or other surgery due to the beneficial cardiovascular effects of these agents. In addition, some studies have reported that perioperatively administered beta-blockers also have analgesic effects. In this study, to investigate the antinociceptive effects and the analgesic profile of landiolol, we examined the effects of intrathecal landiolol administration on nociceptive pain behavior and c-fos mRNA expression (a neural marker of pain) in the spinal cord using a rat formalin model. We found that pain-related behavior was inhibited by intrathecal landiolol administration. Moreover, the increase in c-fos mRNA expression on the formalin-injected side was less pronounced in rats administered landiolol than in saline administered controls. Thus, intrathecal administration of landiolol exhibited antinociceptive effects. Further investigation of the antinociceptive mechanism of landiolol is required.
Keywords beta-blocker landiolol formalin pain behavior c-fos
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 285
End Page 289
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22729110
Web of Sience KeyUT 000305669700013
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/46628
FullText URL 65_3_169.pdf
Author Takeda, Masanori| Nagasaka, Takeshi| Dong-Sheng, Sun| Nishie, Hiroyuki| Oka, Tetsuhiro| Yamada, Eiji| Mori, Yoshiko| Shigeyasu, Kunitoshi| Morikawa, Tatsuya| Mizobuchi, Satoshi| Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi|
Abstract Secreted frizzled-related protein 2, (SFRP2) is a Wnt inhibitor whose promoter CpGs were recently found to be methylated at high frequency in colorectal cancers (CRCs). We hypothesized that the pattern of SFRP2 methylation may differ throughout the promoter during progressive tumorigenesis. Using combined bisulfite restriction analysis (COBRA), two methylation-sensitive regions (Regions A and B) of the SFRP2 promoter were investigated in 569 specimens of colorectal tissue:222 CRCs, 103 adenomatous polyps (APs), 208 normal colonic mucosa from CRC patients (N-Cs), and 36 normal colonic mucosa from subjects with no evidence of colorectal neoplasia at colonoscopy (N-Ns). Extensive (including both Regions A and B) and partial (either Region A or B) SFRP2 methylation levels were found in 61.7% and 24.8% of CRCs, 8.7% and 37.9% of APs, 3.9% and 39.9% of N-Cs, and 0% and 30.6% of N-Ns, respectively. Extensive methylation of the SFRP2 promoter was present primarily in CRCs, while partial methylation was common in APs. Whereas APs with the KRAS mutant showed no correlation to any pattern of SFRP2 methylation, extensive methylation of the SFRP2 promoter was significantly associated with KRAS mutant CRCs (p<.0001), suggesting that genetic alteration in the RAS-RAF pathway might precede the spread of CpG methylation through the SFRP2 promoter, which is observed in over 60% of advanced colorectal tumors.
Keywords BRAF/KRAS mutations promoter methylation colorectal cancer
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2011-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 169
End Page 177
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 21709714
Web of Sience KeyUT 000292017500003
Author Nishie, Hiroyuki| Mizobuchi, Satoshi| Matsusaki, Takashi| Miyake, Asako| Kaku, Ryuji| Ishikawa, Shinichi| Sato, Kenji| Matsumi, Masaki| Kiyoshi, Morita|
Published Date 2007-05-01
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume119
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article