JaLCDOI 10.18926/15106
Title Alternative Teacher education aimed at developing Practical teaching skills : The case of Okayama University Faculty of Education
FullText URL 009_073_082.pdf
Author Ariyoshi, Hideki|
Abstract 近年の社会状況の急激な変化は,教員養成教育のカリキュラムについても大きな変革を求めている。特に,学校現場が求めているのは,学校が担っている今日的な教育課題を遂行していく実践的な指導力を備えた教員の養成である。教育職員養成審議会がこれまでの答申の中で提示してきた,教員の養成段階において身につけさせるべき教員の資質能力について参考にし,今日的な教育課題も視野に入れながら,岡山大学教育学部が実践的指導力を育成するため取り組んできた,教育実習の在り方,教員養成カリキュラムの理念と再構築等について考察する。さらに,中央教育審議会が2006年に提示した「教職実践演習」の特徴を検討すると共に,この科目が必修化されることから,本学部では,この科目を4カ年の教員養成カリキュラムの中に,どのように位置づけて,実践的な指導力のいっそうの向上を目指しているか等についても考察していく。
Keywords 実践的指導力 (practical teaching skills) 教育実習 (teaching practice) 教員養成教育 (teacher education) 資質能力 (traits and abilities) 教職実践演習 (Senior Seminar for Prospective Teachers)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2009-03-10
Volume volume9
Issue issue1
Start Page 73
End Page 82
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 40016592502
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11401
Title Alternative Handicraft Education as Technical Education
FullText URL 005_119_129.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Tatsurou| Ariyoshi, Hideki|
Abstract 図画工作科は、戦前まで図画科と手工科が戦後の教育改革より一つの教科に統合されたものである。手工科は普通教育における技術教育を追究してきたが、図画工作化になって以降の工作領域の内容は、美術に偏ったものとなり、技術の基礎が軽視されているとの批判が技術教育を進める立場からなされている。現在の図画工作科の教科書内容も、そのような傾向が一層進んでいる。図画工作科の工作領域は、児童が身の回りのものにはたらきかけ、世界を読み解いていくときの技術的基礎を育てるものでなくてはならないと考える。そこで図画工作科の前身である手工科が積み上げてきた成果に学ぶとともに、自然環境の豊かな小学校における工作教育として適切であると考える「手仕事のカリキュラム」を構成し、実践した内容を検討し考察する。
Abstract Alternative Under the post-war education reforms, the pre-war subjects of 'drawing' and 'handicraft' were combined into a new subject called 'craft'. Handicraft, as technical education in the regular curriculum, has been thoroughly investigated. However, since it came to be part of 'craft', the contents of the subject handicraft have tended to fall within the fine arts category. This neglect of its technical roots has led to criticism from those writing from a technical education background. The contents of contemporary 'craft' textbooks too have shown an even greater tendency to make light of handicraft's technical roots. It is thought that the technical element of craft should help kids learn the technical foundations in which pupils work upon objects around them and interpret the world. As the forerunner of what is known today as 'craft', handicraft has a long history. Drawing on the accumulated fruits of this history, this paper constructs and considers the contents of a practical 'hands on curriculum' as appropriate for 'handicraft education' in a rich elementary school's natural environment.
Keywords 図画工作科 (Craft) 手工科 (Handicraft) 工作教育 (Handicraft Education) 技術教育 (Technical Education) 生活 (life)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2005
Volume volume5
Issue issue1
Start Page 119
End Page 129
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313439
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11383
Title Alternative The Present Condition and Problems of Prior Administrative Guidance, Which are Aimed at Fostering the Capacity for Practical Leadership as a Teacher: In Cooperation with the Lower Secondary School Affiliated to the Faculty of Education, Okayama University, also Known as Fuzoku junior High School
FullText URL 002_061_070.pdf
Author Ariyoshi, Hideki| Kajiwara, Satoshi|
Abstract 附属学校園は、実習生にとって初めて実習を体験する場であり、かれらが学校現場を把握し子どもたちについて理解を深め、実践的指導力を身につけていく上で重要な役割を果たしている。本稿では、実習をより効力あるものにするために、附属中学校のみならず学外とも連携・協力しながら運営・実施している事前指導のプログラムの運営と現状について述べる。次に、3年次生対象に設定されている附属中学校実習に向けた「事前指導」を中心にして、その運営と現状、特徴と成果、今後の連携の在り方、改革課題等について検討し考察する。
Abstract Alternative Fuzoku Junior High School is a place where student teacher have an oppotrunity to teach for the first time. This school performs an important role which allows the student teachers to teach an actual class enabling them thoroughly to understand the students and to acquire practical skills which are necessary in order to become a proficient teacher. Here we give our opinions on the management process and the present condition concerning the prior administrative guidance program, carrying out in cooperation with outside facilities including Fuzoku Junior High School to make student teaching more successful. Then we study about the management of the program and present condition of teaching practice, the feature and the result of the program, the ideal way of cooperation for the future, the problems concerning reform and so on, with all of these in mind we lay stress on prior administrative guidance for undergraduates of the student teaching at Fuzoku Junior High School.
Keywords 教育実習 (teaching practice) 事前指導 (prior administrative guidance) 附属中学校 (Lower Secondary School affiliated to Faculty of Education, University) 実践的指導力 (capacity for practical leadership as a teacher)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2002
Volume volume2
Issue issue1
Start Page 61
End Page 70
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313464
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11356
Title Alternative Formation of the teacher's ability in teacher-training programs in universities: The analysis of the freshmen'observation-and-participation course at Okayama University in 2000
FullText URL 001_039_050.pdf
Author Ariyoshi, Hideki|
Abstract こんにち、不登校や高校中退、いじめや暴力行為などの教育問題を解決していくためにも、さらには、急激に変化する社会に主体的に対応していくためにも、次世代を育てる教員の資質能力の形成と向上が強く求められている。教員の資質能力の形成と向上は、養成段階、採用段階および現職研修段階においてなされるものである。本稿では、教育職員養成審議会の答申を踏まえながら、養成段階における資質向上について重要な役割を担う教育実習の中で、とくにその最初の段階である1年次観察・参加実習に焦点を当てて、考察を意図した。平成12(2000)年度に実施した本学部1年次観察・参加実習のアンケート調査の結果を分析し、その成果と問題点、課題等を明らかにする。
Abstract Alternative Today, we have an urgent need to from and improve the teacher's ability to raise the next generation. This is crucially important when we are to solve the increasing educational problems such as refusal to attend schools, quitting schools, bullying, acts of violence,etc., and to cope with the radically changing society. The formation and improvement of the teacher's ability are generally attained in three stages: first in teacher-training programs in universities, second in the selection processes in appointing new teachers, and third in study programs for teachers on the active list. this paper examines the from fromation of the teachers' ability in the teacher-training programs in universities that are based on the report of the Teacher Training Council. It particularly focuses on the freshmen's observation-and-participation course in the teacher-training program. The questionnaire was conducted on the freshmen that took the observation-and participation course in the Faculty of Education at Okayama University in 2000. The carefully analyzed results indecate the significance of the observation-and-participation course to the formation of the teachers' ability, as well as its present problem and future prospects.
Keywords 教員養成 (Teacher trainning) 資質向上 (Teachers' ability) 教育実習 (Student teaching) 観察・参加 (Observation and participation)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2001
Volume volume1
Issue issue1
Start Page 39
End Page 50
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313684