JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31029
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Makino, Yasuhiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract <p>The three-dimensional arrangement of ductular structures formed by oval cells in rats fed 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF) was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of biliary tract casts and light microscopy of sections of liver injected with india ink via the biliary tract. Both resin and india ink were well injected up to bile ductules, and the findings of each method correlated with each other. By the second week after 2-AAF administration, a few oval cells appeared in the periportal areas forming ductular structures which connected with the portal bile ducts. At the 4th week, increased ductular structures occupied two thirds of the lobule and formed networks communicating with each other, and with the portal bile ducts. At the 8th week, such ductular structures were compressed around hyperplastic nodules and appeared like a basket in biliary casts examined by SEM. Although a histochemical study of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase revealed activity both on the luminal side of the ductular structures and hepatocytes in hyperplastic nodules, no transition was observed between these two cell populations. These results suggest that oval cells have characteristics more similar to those of biliary epithelia than of hepatocytes, and have no relation to the development of hyperplastic nodules.</p>
Keywords oval cells biliary tract casts scanning electron microscopy hyperplastic nodules hepatocarcinogenesis
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1988-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume42
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 143
End Page 150
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 2899946
Web of Sience KeyUT A1988P034000004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30997
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Kazuhide| Makino, Yasuhiro| Itoshima, Tatsuya| Kobayashi, Toshinari| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract <p>Phalloidin, a toxin from the plant Amanita phalloides, irreversibly polymerizes actin filaments and causes cholestasis. Three-dimensional structural changes induced by phalloidin in the bile canaliculi and the intra-acinar localization of these changes were studied in the rat liver by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. After 3 days of treatment, canalicular changes appeared mainly in zones 2 and 3 of Rappaport's acinus, but after 7 days of treatment changes occurred in bile canaliculi of the whole acinus. The changes in the bile canaliculi included tortuosity, saccular dilatation, loss of microvilli, bleb formation and elongation of canalicular side branches. Some side branches extended near to Disse's space, leaving only a thin cytoplasmic rim between the canalicular lumen and Disse's space. Kupffer cells were occasionally situated near such extended bile canaliculi and protruded their processes into the hepatic cord. These results suggest that bile canaliculi in zone 3 are more susceptible to phalloidin toxicity than those in zone 1 and that biliary constituents may leak from such altered bile canaliculi.</p>
Keywords phalloidin bile canaliculi choletasis
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1988-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume42
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 207
End Page 213
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 3177006
Web of Sience KeyUT A1988P884600004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30499
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Okada, Hiroyuki| Mizuno, Motowo| Yamamoto, Kazuhide| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract <p>To characterize primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) in Japanese patients and its association with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), 155 reported cases of PSC, including 6 cases of our own, were reviewed. The prevalence of IBD was less in Japanese PSC patients than in Western patients (23% versus 62-100%). Japanese PSC patients with IBD were younger (mean age, 33.1 versus 51.8 years) and were more often women (51% versus 36%) than those without IBD. Seventy-four percent of PSC patients with IBD had extensive colonic lesions, and 89% of those developed IBD simultaneously, with or prior to PSC. There were 3 cases of neutrophilic cholangitis among the PSC patients with IBD but none in those without IBD. Based on these observations, we speculate that there may be subtypes of PSC which differ pathophysiologically.</p>
Keywords primary sclerosing cholangitis inflammatory bowel disease
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1996-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume50
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 227
End Page 235
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 8914675
Web of Sience KeyUT A1996VQ20600001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31715
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Hirai, Michio| Mizuno, Motowo| Morisue, Yoshiko| Yoshioka, Masao| Shimada, Morizou| Nasu, Junichirou| Okada, Hiroyuki| Shimomura, Hiroyuki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract <p>Anti-idiotype antibodies (Ab2) play an important role in the homeostasis of immune responses and are related to the development and the disease activity of certain autoimmune diseases. The asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) is considered one of the target antigens in the pathogenesis of autoimmune chronic active hepatitis (AIH). We previously developed a mouse monoclonal antibody (clone 8D7) which recognizes rat and human ASGPR. In this study, to help investigate the anti-ASGPR antibody-anti-idiotype antibody network in patients with AIH, we developed a syngeneic mouse monoclonal Ab2 to the 8D7 anti-ASGPR antibody (Ab1). One clone, designated as 3C8, tested positive for specific reactivity to 8D7-Ab1 and did not bind to other irrelevant immunoglobulins. By competitive inhibition assays, the binding of 8D7-Ab1 to liver membrane extracts, i.e., the crude antigen preparation, was inhibited by 3C8-Ab2 in a dose-dependent manner, and the binding of 8D7-Ab1 to 3C8-Ab2 was inhibited by the liver membrane extracts. In the immunohistochemical analysis, 3C8-Ab2 blocked the specific staining of sinusoidal margins of rat hepatocytes by 8D7-Ab1. These results suggest that 3C8 anti-idiotype antibody recognizes the specific idiotypic determinants within the antigen-binding site of 8D7-Ab1.</p>
Keywords anti-idiotype antibody autoimmune hepatitis asialoglycoprotein receptor monoclonall antibody
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2002-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume56
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 135
End Page 139
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 12108584
Web of Sience KeyUT 000176521200003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31695
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Yoshioka, Masao| Mizuno, Motowo| Morisue, Yoshiko| Shimada, Morizou| Hirai, Michio| Nasu, Junichirou| Okada, Hiroyuki| Sakaguchi, Kousaku| Yamamoto, Kazuhide| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract <p>In autoimmune chronic active hepatitis (AIH) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), various autoantibodies including anti-asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) antibodies have been found in patients' sera. We have previously developed a mouse monoclonal antibody against rat and human ASGPR. In this study, we developed a capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of anti-ASGPR antibodies using this monoclonal antibody and investigated the occurrence of anti-ASGPR antibodies in the sera of patients with various liver diseases. Serum samples were obtained from 123 patients with various liver diseases, including 21 patients with AIH and 40 patients with PBC. In this capture ELISA, the target antigen in the crude rat liver membrane extracts was captured on the ELISA wells by the ASGPR-specific mouse monoclonal antibody. Thus, the cumbersome process of antigen purification was rendered unnecessary. Using this capture ELISA, we detected the anti-ASGPR antibody in 67% of the patients with AIH, in 100% of the patients with PBC, and in 57% of the patients with acute hepatitis type A. However, the anti-ASGPR antibody was rarely detected in patients with other liver diseases such as primary sclerosing cholangitis and obstructive jaundice. Our findings suggest that this capture ELISA would be useful for the detection of anti-ASGPR antibodies in autoimmune liver diseases.</p>
Keywords autoimmue hepatitis primary biliary cirrhosis asialoglycoprotein receptor autoantibodies
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2002-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume56
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 99
End Page 105
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 12002624
Web of Sience KeyUT 000175176900006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31686
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Ohya, Shogen| Mizuno, Motowo| Kawada, Mikihiro| Nasu, Junichirou| Okada, Hiroyuki| Shimomura, Hiroyuki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide| Fujita, Teizou| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract <p>We have previously developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to measure stool decay-accelerating factor (DAF) and found that stool DAF concentrations were significantly elevated in patients with colorectal cancer, suggesting that the measurement of stool DAF may be valuable for the detection of colorectal cancer. In order to refine the assay for the measurement of stool DAF, we investigated 1) effects of centrifugation of stool samples, 2) effects of detergents, and 3) adequate combination of various anti-DAF monoclonal antibodies for the ELISA system using only monoclonal antibodies. We found that high-speed centrifugation could be omitted and that only the removal of large undigested food residues by centrifugation of short duration in a low-speed benchtop microcentrifuge sufficed to adequately prepare the stool samples. Addition of 2 detergents, octyl beta-glucoside and sodium deoxycholate, known to solubilize glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins such as DAF, did not influence stool DAF values. By using 2 mouse anti-DAF monoclonal antibodies (clone 4F11 and 1C6), we were able to achieve a stable ELISA for the measurement of stool DAF using a uniform source of antibodies. The results should allow us to consistently apply the DAF assay for routine use in the detection of colorectal cancer.</p>
Keywords decay-accelerating factor (DAF) colorectal cancer enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). monoclonal sntibodies
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2002-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume56
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 171
End Page 176
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 12199521
Web of Sience KeyUT 000177382600001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31685
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Kondo, Junichi| Shimomura, Hiroyuki| Fujioka, Shin-ichi| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Takagi, Shinjiro| Ohnishi, Yasuhiro| Tsuji, Hideyuki| Sakaguchi, Kosaku| Yamamoto, Kazuhide| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract <p>The preS2 region of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been reported to have human polymerized albumin receptor (PAR) activity, which correlates with viral replication. Here, we studied the genomic sequence of the preS region from rare patients lacking PAR activity, despite active viral replication. PAR and DNA polymerase activity was identified in 178 HBe antigen-positive HBV carriers, and a significant correlation between 2 markers was shown, except in 2 hepatitis patients lacking PAR activity. Nucleotide sequences of the preS region of HBV from both patients were examined by direct sequencing of PCR products. In one patient, a 45-base deletion was found to overlap half of the putative polymerized human albumin binding site in the preS2 region. In the other patient, a point mutation at the first nucleotide of the start codon of the preS2 region of HBV was found. There was no such genomic change in the 3 control HBV sequences. These results indicate that the preS2 region is necessary for binding of polymerized human albumin, and this is the first report of naturally existing mutant virus with no or low PAR activity.</p>
Keywords hepatitis B virus preS region polymerized albumin receptor genetic mutation genetic deletion
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2002-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume56
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 193
End Page 198
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 12199524
Web of Sience KeyUT 000177382600004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31684
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Ariyoshi, Masanori| MIzuno, Motowo| Morisue, Yoshiko| Shimada, Morizou| Fujita, Shirou| Nasu, Junichirou| Okada, Hiroyuki| Shimomura, Hiroyuki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide| Tsuji, Takao|
Abstract <p>We developed a monoclonal antibody (MoAb) (clone 5E8) against an antigen on the bile canalicular membrane of rat hepatocyte. By immunoblotting, MoAb 5E8 detected a band of 110 kD. In this study, we used the phage display technique to identify the target antigen recognized by MoAb 5E8. We screened a random phage display library expressing 12-mer peptide sequences and identified a peptide sequence, FHFNPYTGHPLT, as an epitope. We compared this peptide sequence with those of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV, E.C.3.4.14.5) and Cell-CAM105, which proteins were located by a database search based on the information of tissue localization and approximate molecular weight of the MoAb 5E8 antigen, and sequence similarity with a region in DPP IV (amino acids 225-233) but not with Cell-CAM105 was found. In addition, we immunohistochemically stained various tissues (liver, small intestine, and kidney) of Japanese Fischer 344 rats, known to be deficient for DPP IV, with MoAb 5E8 and showed that the expression of MoAb 5E8 antigen was negligible or weak. In contrast, tissues sampled from the same organs of Sprague-Dawley rats, known to express DPP IV, were positively stained. These findings suggest that the antigen recognized by MoAb 5E8 is DDPIV and its major epitope is located in amino acids at positions 225-233.</p>
Keywords random phage display library dipeptidyl petidase IV monoclonal antibody epitope bile canalicular membrane
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2002-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume56
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 187
End Page 191
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 12199523
Web of Sience KeyUT 000177382600003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31826
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Fujikawa, Tatsuya| Shiraha, Hidenori| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract <p>Serum des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) is commonly used to detect hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This review focuses on the clinical features of DCP-positive HCC and the molecular function of DCP in HCC. DCP-positive HCC demonstrates more aggressive clinicopathological features than DCP-negative HCC. Analysis of the biological effects of DCP revealed that DCP acts as a growth factor in both an autocrine and paracrine manner. DCP stimulates HCC cell proliferation through the Met-Janus kinase 1-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 signaling pathway, whereas for vascular endothelial cells, it stimulates cell proliferation and migration through the kinase insert domain receptor-phospholipase C-gamma-mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway.</p>
Keywords des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin hepatocellular carcinoma signaling pathway cell proliferation angiogenesis
Amo Type Review
Published Date 2009-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume63
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 299
End Page 304
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20035286
Web of Sience KeyUT 000273145900001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30943
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Miyake, Yasuhiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract <p>Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic and progressive disease characterized by histological interface hepatitis, hypergammaglobulinemia, and circulating autoantibodies. Multiple factors, including molecular mimicry, a genetic background including major histocompatibility complex class II, and defective function of regulatory T-cells, are involved in the pathogenesis. The diagnosis is made based on the scoring system of the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group, the sensitivity and specificity of which are90%, respectively. AIH is classified into 3 sub-types based on the profiles of circulating autoantibodies: anti-nuclear antibody and/or smooth muscle antibody-positive (type 1), anti-liver-kidney microsomal antibody-positive (type 2), and anti-soluble liver antigen/liver-pancreas antigen antibody- positive (type 3). Recently, however, the number of atypical cases lacking the usual features has increased-for example, patients with acute-onset or fulminant-type AIH, autoantibody-negative patients, male patients, and patients with bile duct injury-and thus the clinical features of AIH have been diversified. AIH is responsive to immunosuppressive treatment in most cases; however, relapse occurs in more than 80% of patients within 1 year after immunosuppressive treatment withdrawal. The 10-year survival rate and the 10-year hepatocellular carcinoma-free rate are90%, respectively, indicating that some patients reach liver failure or develop hepatocellular carcinoma. To improve the prognosis of these patients, persistent normalization of transaminase is required.</p>
Keywords autoimmune hepatitis epidemiology pathogenesis diagnosis prognosis
Amo Type Review
Published Date 2008-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume62
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 217
End Page 226
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18766204
Web of Sience KeyUT 000258680900001
Title Alternative Fermented persimmon extract (kaki-shibu) is useful as a standard for component analyses of persimmon phytobezoars
FullText URL 126_127.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Okamoto, Yuko| Murata, Toshihiro| Kawai, Yoshinari| Shiraha, Hidenori| Okada, Hiroyuki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract The definite diagnosis of persimmon phytobezoar (i.e., diospyrobezoar) is often accomplished by a component analysis using infrared spectroscopy. However, no studies have been conducted to investigate which substance is the best as a standard for the component analysis. Here we analyzed tannic acid, Japanese persimmon (kaki), fermented persimmon extract (kaki-shibu), conventional dried persimmon, and dried persimmon smoked in sulfur (ampo-kaki) by infrared spectroscopy to determine which would be optimal as a component analysis standard. The spectrum between 1,600 to 600cm-1 of a persimmon phytobezoar was quite similar to the spectrum of kaki-shibu rather than that of tannic acid. Consequently, we conclude that kaki-shibu should be used as a standard for infrared spectroscopy analyses of persimmon phytobezoars.
Keywords 柿胃石(gastric phytobezoar) タンニン酸(tannic acid) 消化管異物(gastrointestinal foreign body) 成分分析(component analysis)
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Published Date 2014-08-01
Volume volume126
Issue issue2
Start Page 127
End Page 131
ISSN 0030-1558
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright (c) 2014 岡山医学会
File Version publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.126.127
NAID 130004685263
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/45269
FullText URL 65_2_105.pdf
Author Tsuzuki, Takao| Okada, Hiroyuki| Nasu, Junichiro| Takenaka, Ryuta| Inoue, Masafumi| Kawano, Seiji| Kita, Masahide| Hori, Keisuke| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract The objectives of this study were to evaluate the accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in local and regional staging of early gastric cancer, to analyze the factors influencing the accuracy of EUS, and to reveal the usefulness and problems of EUS in pre-treatment staging of gastric cancer. We examined 105 lesions in 104 patients with histologically confirmed gastric cancer and retrospectively evaluated them with EUS. The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of EUS were determined by comparing the pre-treatment EUS with the postoperative histopathological findings. The overall diagnostic accuracy of EUS for the depth of cancer invasion was 86%. The overall sensitivity and specificity were 60% and 96%, respectively. The accuracy significantly declined in lesions located in the upper-third of the stomach (70%). Type 0-I lesions tended to be over-staged (12&), and the upper-third lesions tended to be under-staged (23%). The accuracy significantly declined in differentiated adenocarcinoma with massive submucosal invasion (56.5%). EUS is useful for evaluating the depth of gastric cancer invasion which determines the feasibility of endoscopic treatment. However, it is noteworthy that the diagnostic accuracy of the invasion depth diminished for lesions in the upper third of the stomach.
Keywords endoscopic ultrasonography early gastric cancer accuracy sensitivity specificity
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2011-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 105
End Page 112
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 21519368
Web of Sience KeyUT 000289818800006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/43825
FullText URL 65_1_11.pdf
Author Kuwaki, Kenji| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Kobayashi, Yoshiyuki| Nakamura, Shinichiro| Ito, Yoichi M.| Iwadou, Shouta| Hagihara, Hiroaki| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Toshimori, Junichi| Miyatake, Hirokazu| Miyoshi, Kenji| Onishi, Hideki| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Shoji, Bon| Takaki, Akinobu| Shiraha, Hidenori| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Kobashi, Haruhiko| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract The purpose of this study was to build a prognostic model of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using time-dependent covariates to re-evaluate the prognosis at any stage of the disease. The subjects were consecutive HCC patients who were treated at our institute between 1995 and 2007. We constructed time-fixed and time-dependent prognostic models with a training group (n=336) and compared the prognostic abilities between conventional Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) scores, Japan Integrated Staging (JIS) scores, an Okuda classification, and our prognostic models in the testing group (n=227) with the c-index. The time-dependent prognostic model consisted of main tumor size, tumor number, portal vein invasion, distant metastasis, alpha-fetoprotein, des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin (DCP), bilirubin, and albumin and the weighted scores were set for each factor depending on the hazard ratio for the prognosis. The prognostic index was determined by summing the scores. The c-index values for the CLIP scores, JIS scores, Okuda classification, and our time-dependent model were 0.741, 0.727, 0.609, and 0.870, respectively. These results indicate that our time-dependent model can estimate the prognosis of HCC more precisely than traditional time-fixed models and can be used to re-predict the prognosis of HCC.
Keywords hepatocellular carcinoma humans prognosis proportional hazards models time factors
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2011-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 11
End Page 19
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 21339791
Web of Sience KeyUT 000287620500002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49042
FullText URL 66_6_461.pdf
Author Koike, Kazuko| Takaki, Akinobu| Kato, Nobuyuki| Ouchida, Mamoru| Kanzaki, Hirotaka| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Shiraha, Hidenori| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection induces several changes in hepatocytes, such as oxidative stress, steatosis, and hepatocarcinogenesis. Although considerable progress has been made during recent years, the mechanisms underlying these functions remain unclear. We employed proteomic techniques in HCV replicon-harboring cells to determine the effects of HCV replication on host-cell protein expression. We examined two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry to compare and identify differentially expressed proteins between HCV subgenomic replicon-harboring cells and their “cured” cells. One of the identified proteins was confirmed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot analysis. Full-length HCV genome RNA replicating and cured cells were also assessed using ELISA. Replicon-harboring cells showed higher expression of retinal dehydrogenase 1 (RALDH-1), which converts retinol to retinoic acid, and the cured cells showed higher expression of retinol-binding protein (RBP), which transports retinol from the liver to target tissues. The alteration in RBP expression was also confirmed by ELISA and Western blot analysis. We conclude that protein expression profiling demonstrated that HCV replicon eradication affected retinol-related protein expression.
Keywords hepatitis C virus retinol-binding protein
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 461
End Page 468
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 23254580
Web of Sience KeyUT 000312966100005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48568
FullText URL 66_3_279.pdf
Author Nishimura, Mamoru| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Kariyama, Kazuya| Wakuta, Akiko| Kishida, Masayuki| Wada, Nozomu| Higashi, Toshihiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract The artificial ascites technique is often used during radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment because it prevents visceral damage and improves visualization by minimizing interference of the lungs and mesentery. This study determined the efficacy and safety of RFA using the artificial ascites technique in HCC patients. We examined 188 HCC patients who were treated by RFA and fulfilled the Milan criteria. Treatment outcomes (complete ablation rate, local recurrence rate, complication rate, liver function including total bilirubin level, alanine aminotransferase level, albumin level, and prothrombin time) were compared among patients divided into 3 groups based on the volume of artificial ascites injected:GroupⅠ (n=86), no artificial ascites injected;GroupⅡ (n=35), <1,000ml artificial ascites injected;and Group Ⅲ (n=67), >1,000ml artificial ascites injected. No significant difference was observed in complete ablation or local recurrence rates among the 3 groups, or in the extent of liver function damage after RFA. Artificial ascites disappeared within 7 days; additional diuretics were needed only in 5 (all from Group Ⅲ) of 102 patients. No serious complications such as intestinal perforation or intraperitoneal bleeding were observed. Thus, we found that artificial ascites injection during RFA is effective and safe, and can be used to prevent major procedural complications.
Keywords radiofrequency ablation hepatocellular carcinoma artificial ascites
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 279
End Page 284
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22729109
Web of Sience KeyUT 000305669700012
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/51864
FullText URL 67_5_285.pdf
Author Akita, Mitsuhiro| Hiraoka, Sakiko| Kaji, Eisuke| Takemoto, Koji| Nagahara, Yasuhiro| Yamamoto, Hiroshi| Yamamoto, Kazuhide| Kato, Jun|
Abstract Whether presence or history of extracolonic primary malignancy is a risk for colorectal neoplasia is not fully known. In this study, 26,452 first-time colonoscopy cases were examined using a colonoscopy database. Among the analyzed subjects, 3,026 (11%) subjects had history or concomitance of extracolonic primary malignancy, while the remaining 23,426 subjects did not. Colorectal neoplasia was observed in 39% of all the subjects. A crude comparison showed that the prevalence of any type of colorectal neoplasia was higher in subjects with extracolonic malignancy than in those without (42% vs. 39%, p=0.0012). However, after adjusting for confounding factors, the odds ratios (ORs) of subjects with extracolonic malignancy for having colorectal neoplasia, advanced neoplasia, and cancer were all less than 1.0, and all significantly different from those of subjects without extracolonic malignancy. Analysis according to the type of extracolonic malignancy revealed that gastric cancer cases had a significantly lower risk for colorectal advanced neoplasia (OR:0.81;95% CI:0.67-0.99). Among major malignancies, only esophageal squamous cell cancer cases had increased risk for colorectal neoplasia (OR:1.66;95% CI:1.20-2.29). Patients with presence or history of extracolonic malignancy did not carry a higher risk of occurrence of colorectal neoplasia.
Keywords colorectal cancer colonoscopy risk factor database
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2013-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume67
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 285
End Page 292
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24145728
Web of Sience KeyUT 000325836100002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49667
FullText URL 67_2_93.pdf
Author Kita, Masahide| Yokota, Kenji| Okada, Hiroyuki| Take, Susumu| Takenaka, Ryuta| Kawahara, Yoshiro| Oguma, Keiji| Matsushita, Osamu| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract Atrophy of the gastric mucosa is a precursor of intestinal-type gastric cancer, and Helicobacter pylori infection causes atrophic gastritis. The aim of this study was to determine whether the genetic diversity of H. pylori virulence genes is associated with the development and progression of gastric atrophy in humans. We isolated and cultured H. pylori strains from patients with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer accompanied by atrophic gastritis in background mucosa. H. pylori strains were stored at -80℃ prior to the experiments being carried out. We analyzed iceA, babA, vacA, cagA, and cagE genes by PCR. The cagA gene was analyzed through sequencing of the C-terminal region containing the EPIYA motif, which is related to tyrosine phosphorylation. Severe atrophy was observed in patients with gastric ulcer. The major phenotype of the vacA gene was s1c/m1 (93オ). The cagA gene was detected in all strains. The cagE gene was not detected in 2 and 5 strains from the mild cases and severe cases, respectively. The major cagA EPIYA motif, which is amino acids repeat in the C terminus, was the A-B-D type (44 of 58 strains). The virulence genes were not statistically associated with the severity of atrophy in the background gastric mucosa in humans. Not only identification of bacterial virulence factors but also studies of the host response will be necessary to investigate the progression of gastric atrophy and subsequent cancer development in humans.
Keywords Helicobacter pylori virulence genes chronic atrophic gastritis
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2013-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume67
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 93
End Page 98
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 23603925
Web of Sience KeyUT 000317801700003
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/52508
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53520
FullText URL 69_3_137.pdf
Author Seki, Hiroyuki| Ikeda, Fusao| Nanba, Shintaro| Moritou, Yuki| Takeuchi, Yasuto| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Onishi, Hideki| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Takaki, Akinobu| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Nakamura, Minoru| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract A predictive marker of the rapid progression to hepatic failure is desired for patients with asymptomatic primary biliary cirrhosis (aPBC). We performed a systematic cohort analysis of 101 patients diagnosed as having aPBC and the rapid progression to liver failure in some, by focusing on cholestasis. Cholestasis was assessed by aberrant keratin7 (K-7) expressions in the patientsʼ hepatocytes. Intralobular expressions of K-7 were found in 9 of the 101 patients. The grades of K-7 expression were significantly associated with the levels of alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin at the time of diagnosis, but not with bile duct loss or cholestasis. Stepwise logistic regression analysis revealed that high grades of K-7 expression correlated positively with high levels of total bilirubin. During the follow-up period, 8 patients developed jaundice, and the mean period until the development of jaundice was 5.2 years. The proportional hazards models for the risk of developing jaundice identified a high grade of aberrant K-7 expression in hepatocytes as the only significant risk factor. Aberrant K-7 expression in hepatocytes can be used as an additional marker to predict rapid progression to liver failure in patients with aPBC at the time of diagnosis.
Keywords primary biliary cirrhosis keratin 7 hepatic failure
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2015-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume69
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 137
End Page 144
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 26101189
Web of Sience KeyUT 000356903000002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53120
FullText URL 69_1_37.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Okada, Hiroyuki| Takata, Katsuyoshi| Kawai, Yoshinari| Kawano, Seiji| Nasu, Junichiro| Kawahara, Yoshiro| Tanaka, Takehiro| Yoshino, Tadashi| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract The sensitivity and specificity of magnified endoscopic features for differentiating follicular lymphoma from other diseases with duodenal whitish lesions have never been investigated. Here we compared the magnified endoscopic features of duodenal follicular lymphoma with those of other whitish lesions. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of patients with follicular lymphoma (n=9), lymphangiectasia (n=7), adenoma (n=10), duodenitis (n=4), erosion (n=1), lymphangioma (n=1), and hyperplastic polyp (n=1). The magnified features of the nine follicular lymphomas included enlarged villi (n=8), dilated microvessels (n=5), and opaque white spots of various sizes (n=9). The lymphangiectasias showed enlarged villi, dilated microvessels, and white spots, but the sizes of the white spots were relatively homogeneous and their margin was clear. Observation of the adenoma and duodenitis revealed only whitish villi. Although the lymphangioma was indistinguishable from the follicular lymphomas by magnified features, it was easily diagnosed based on the macroscopic morphology. In conclusion, magnified endoscopic features, in combination with macroscopic features, are useful for differentiating follicular lymphomas from other duodenal diseases presenting whitish lesions.
Keywords duodenal neoplasm follicular lymphoma gastrointestinal lymphoma magnifying endoscopy
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2015-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume69
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 37
End Page 44
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25703169
Web of Sience KeyUT 000349740300004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53026
FullText URL 68_6_369.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Miyashima, Yuichi| Yoshioka, Takahiro| Murata, Toshihiro| Miyabe, Yoshio| Kawai, Yoshinari| Urata, Haruo| Shiraha, Hidenori| Okada, Hiroyuki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract A 67-year-old Japanese man underwent enterotomy because of enterolith ileus. Component analysis by infrared spectroscopy revealed that the enterolith was composed of a high concentration of deoxycholic acid. We further analyzed and compared the ultrastructure of the enterolith and a commercially available powdered form of deoxycholic acid by means of scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis revealed that the ratios of carbon and oxygen in the enterolith were equal to those in the deoxycholic acid powder. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed rectangular prism-shaped particles on the surface of the enterolith. This structure was similar to that of the deoxycholic acid powder. The surgically removed enterolith had a twisted and coiled appearance. Possible mechanisms underlying the formation of this unique form are discussed.
Keywords enterolith deoxycholic acid scanning electron microscopy infrared spectroscopy energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2014-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 369
End Page 374
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25519031
Web of Sience KeyUT 000346882200007