Author Ohara, Hiroshi| Horikawa, Shunichi| Hisashige, Akinori| Hatada, Kazunori| Suzuki, Junichiro| Yoshida, Takeo| Itani, Toru| Ohta, Takeo| Aoyama, Hideyasu| Ohira, Masahiko|
Published Date 1986-04-30
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume98
Issue issue3-4
Content Type Journal Article
Author Ohara, Hiroshi| Horikawa, Shunichi| Hisashige, Akinori| Hatada, Kazunori| Suzuki, Junichiro| Yoshida, Takeo| Itani, Toru| Ohta, Takeo| Aoyama, Hideyasu| Ohira, Masahiko|
Published Date 1986-04-30
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume98
Issue issue3-4
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15291
Title Alternative Senior high school students' recognition and interest in allied medical education of college
FullText URL 007_2_113_120.pdf
Author Ohta, Takeo| Shimoishi, Yasuaki| Kageyama, Jingo| Shibuya, Koichi| Tohge, Hiroko| Endo, Hiroshi|
Abstract 1996年7~9月にかけて,岡山県周辺の10県下高校普通科3年在学中の学生に志望進路,志望分野とともに大学,短期大学における医療技術教育への認識と関心についてアンケート調査を行った。サンプリングによって依頼した127校のうち回答が得られたのは52校(回収率40.9%)で,得られた回答数は合計1,998人(男子891人,女子1,077人,不明30人)であった。これらの分析から,これらの地域では進学志望者の率は高く,特に男子に著名で,男女ともに理系への志望が多いことを認めた。医療技術系大学の認識は看護学科を除いて低く,関心も特に男子で低かった。4年制大学の進学を志望する学生にとっては, 3年制の多い医療技術系短期大学には関心が寄せがたく, 4年制へ移行した場合には関心も志望も高まる事が認められた。将来この分野を担う人材の確保には現在の医療短大の4年制化や医療技術職の待遇改善が重要である と結論づけた。
Abstract Alternative A survey was carried out by senior high school students in Okayama and nine surrounding prefectures from July through September, 1996. Data obtained from 1998 twelfth-grade students studying general courses at 52 schools were computed. Eighty four percent of the 891 male students and 54.2% of the 1,077 female students wished to go on to senior college. Sixtyseven percent of the male students wished to enter science college courses, while only 25.8% of female students did. The rate of students who knew about the course of allied medical science in senior or junior colleges was 63.8% for male students and 82.5% for female students. The nursing course was popular among both sexes, but other courses such as radiological technology, medical technology, physical therapy and occupational therapy were not well known, especially among male students. It was thought that students wishing to go on to the senior college were not interested in those areas which were usually taught in three year courses at junior colleges or special (vocational) schools. Accordingly, the data showed that their interests in the allied medical course would be increased by the shifting it to a four year course. To attract senior high school students who are both intelligent and talented in the medical and health field, the authors concluded that the further improvement of educational course for allied medicine, especially such as shifting to a four year course, and the bettering of position of comedical workers through it are needed.
Keywords 医療技術教育 (the allied medical education) 高校生 (senior high school students) 短期大学 (junior college) 大学 (college) 進学 (high school students wishing to go on to college)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-01-31
Volume volume7
Issue issue2
Start Page 113
End Page 120
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307378
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15288
Title Alternative Nursing students' images of the elderly before and after a two-week nursing practice
FullText URL 008_1_085_090.pdf
Author Watanabe, Kumi| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract 2週間の特別養護老人ホームの実習前及び実習後の学生の老人イメージを20項目の尺度を用いて調査した。その結果,以下のことが明らかになった。 1. 実習後のイメージの平均得点は,「ユーモアのない」から「ユーモアのある」へ,「生気のない」から「生気のある」へと好ましい方向へ上昇し,一方「経験に富む」,「穏やかな」,「現実的な」は好ましくない方向へ変化した。 2. 3分の1以上の学生が実習後に特にイメージが変化した項目として「ユーモアのない/ユーモアのある」の項目をあげた。 3. 老人像は全体として「暇な」,「弱い」,「孤独な」という否定的な老人イメージと「経験に富む」,「暖かい」という肯定的イメージで捉えられており,このイメージは実習前後で共通していた。実習前後では全体として老人像に大きな変化はなかったものの,実習によって,より活動的な老人イメージを抱き,より現実的に老人をとらえていることが明らかになり,A園での老人看護学実習は教育上意義のある実習であると評価した。
Abstract Alternative This study investigated how nursing students perceived the elderly living in a nursing home for the elderly. Testing was done both before and after they experienced a two-week nursing practice at the nursing home. Three findings were obtained. (1) The students regarded the elderly not only as more humorous and vital but also less experienced, peaceful, and realistic before than after experiencing the practice. (2) Over a third of the students named humorous/not humorous as an item for which they experienced a marked change in image of the elderly. (3) The students generally regarded the elderly as being experienced, warm, bored, weak, and lonely. The findings indicate that the nursing practice provided the students with an opportunity to form better and realistic images of the elderly.
Keywords 老人 (elderly) イメージ (images) 看護学生 (nursing students) 看護実習 (nursing practice) 看護教育 (nursing education)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-09-10
Volume volume8
Issue issue1
Start Page 85
End Page 90
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307362
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15287
Title Alternative Food intake and nutrients intake of nursing student.
FullText URL 008_1_077_084.pdf
Author Hoshina, Eiko| Ohta, Niwa| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract 1993年及び1994年度の本短期大学部看護学科の2年次生145名を対象に, 1日の摂取食品調査を行い,摂取食品数,栄養摂取量,栄養素等充足率を求めた。これらの分析の結果,以下の結論を得た。1.全体の平均充足率のバランスは,食物繊維が低く,ビタミンA,ビタミンCが高い値を示した。2.摂取食品数と栄養素等との相関は低かったが,食品数を2群に分けて比較すると,食品数多群でエネルギー,鉄,ビタミンC,食塩の摂取量が有意に多かった。3.充足率の低かった食物繊維とビタミンAは相関があり,また食物繊維の充足率の低い学生は,カルシウム,鉄の充足率が低い傾向にあった。4.自宅生と下宿生の比較では,差は見られなかった。これらの改善には,栄養素等の不足を効果的に補える食品の選択や,若い世代の嗜好や生活にあった食習慣形成のための情報提供が必要である。
Abstract Alternative A questionnaire survey on daily food intake was conducted to assess the food intake,the nutritional intake and fulfilling rate of nutrients in 145 second-years students of School of Health Sciences, Okayama University, in 1993 and 1994. The following results were obtained. 1. The mean fulfilling rate was low for dietary fiber, while it was high for vitamin A and vitamin C. 2. There were low correlation between the number of foods and any specific nutrient. Intakes of energy,iron, Vitamin C and salt were significantly higher in students taking a large number of foods than those taking a small number of foods. 3. There was a correlation between the intake of dietary fiber and that of vitamin A. Students with a low fulfilling rate of dietary fiber tended to have low fulfilling rate of calcium and iron. 4. There were no differences between students living with their parents and those living alone. Food intake should be decided effectively to correct nutritional imbalance in students. It is necessary to inform young people how to form dietary habits corresponding to their taste and life-style.
Keywords 看護学生 (nursing students) 食品摂取量 (food intake) 栄養摂取量 (nutrients intake)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-09-10
Volume volume8
Issue issue1
Start Page 77
End Page 84
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307669
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15283
Title Alternative Views concerning nursing and nursing course of senior high school guidance teachers
FullText URL 008_1_043_048.pdf
Author Ohta, Takeo| Shimoishi, Yasuaki| Kageyama, Jingo| Shibuya, Koichi| Tohge, Hiroko| Endo, Hiroshi|
Abstract 1993年に岡山県で行った先の研究で,高校生の看護課程の選択にあたって,進路指導を行っている教師の役割が大きい事を報告した。今回は3年経った1996年に,同じ郵送調査を岡山県および周辺10県の普通科高校617校より無作為に選んだ127校において実施した。64校より得られた回答を要約すると以下の通りであった。1.教師が挙げた看護婦不足の理由はまず「勤務時間が厳しい(85.9%)」,「仕事の内容が厳しい(53.1%)」といった仕事のきつさで,次いで「仕事の割には社会的評価が低い(32.8%)」であった。2.教師が学生に肯定的イメージとして看護課程を勧める理由は,「まず専門職であること(73.4%)」,次いで「人に貢献できる喜び(53.1%)」であった。これらの結果は前回の結果と比較して統計的な有意差は認めなかった。3.近年進められている3年制看護課程(準学士課程)から4年制課程(学士課程)への移行に関して,教師はこれらは学生の関心を呼ぶとし(79.8%),看護課程へ進学する者は増加するであろうとしている(57.8%)。またこれまでよりこの課程への進学を教師は勧め易くなるとしている(56.3%)。これらの率は前回の結果と比較すると統計的に有意に高かった。
Abstract Alternative A previous study in Okayama prefecture in 1993 indicated the importance of high school teachers' influential rule on student's choice of nursing course. The same questionnaire survey was sent out by mail in 1996 to guidance teachers of 127 general high schools randomly selected from 617 schools in 10 prefectures, in and around Okayama. Data obtained from 64 teachers were analyzed and the results were as follows; 1. They suggested that shortage of nursing manpower was due to the harsh working conditions such as long and irregular hours (85.9%) and hard work (53.1 %), and also the low social esteem of nurse (32.8%). 2. The aspect of nursing noted by teachers were job specialty (73.4%) and devotion to people (53.l%). There were no statistical difference between these results and those of the previous study. 3. The teachers answered that the new four-year nuersing course (baccalaureate) currently being promoted from over the the present three-year course (associate degree) would be an incentive to students (79.8%) and might increase the number of students choosing to study nursing (57.8%). And they also noted that they would more readily recommend this course to students than before. These rates were significantly increased compared to the results of the previous report.
Keywords 看護課程 (nursing course) 看護 (nursing) 看護婦 高校教師 (high school teacher) 進路指導 high school student
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1997-09-10
Volume volume8
Issue issue1
Start Page 43
End Page 48
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307697
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15262
Title Alternative Introduction of thickened food for patient with dysphagia after surgical treatment for tumor in oral cavity
FullText URL 008_2_131_136.pdf
Author Mori, Misayo| Eguchi, Tomomi| Shimizu, Yoshie| Imura, Keiko| Morimoto, Misao| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract 口腔腫瘍術後患者は,程度に差はあるが,嚥下・摂食障害をきたしやすい。その経口摂取開始初期の栄養について,患者が満足して,より快適に摂取でき,経口のみで栄養が満たされるような食事を工夫した。そのためには,食べやすさを増すためにトロメリンでとろみをつけ, また,食べ残しがないように患者の嗜好を取り入れた。そして,この嗜好を取り入れたとろみ食を, 口腔腫瘍術後患者一例に提供した。その結果, とろみ食は,食べやすく,全量摂取でき,良好な栄養状態を維持し,口内の移植皮弁へのトラブルもなく有効であるという結果が得られた。また,患者が意欲や自信を持つという精神面への効果も見られた。
Abstract Alternative Following an operation to remove a tumor in the oral cavity, a patient with dysphagia who had received IVH and intubation feeding for 21 days, was given food thickened with proceeded starch and dextrin (Tromelin). The patient acceptance was good and he could chew and swallow safely and easily than if given ordinary food. The psychological and emotional effects of such postoperational care are also discussed.
Keywords 口腔腫瘍 術後 (postoperative care) 摂食障害 (dysphagia) とろみ食 (thickened food) 栄養 (nutrition)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1998-01-31
Volume volume8
Issue issue2
Start Page 131
End Page 136
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307675
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15249
Title Alternative Evaluation of the system of admitting students on the recommendation of their high school principals
FullText URL 009_2_059_064.pdf
Author Kageyama, Jingo| Ohta, Takeo| Yamada, Ichiro|
Abstract 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部看護学科では,平成5年度より定員の約20%を募集人員とした推薦入試制度を導入し,以来本年で3回卒業生を送りだしてきた。本学は来年度から保健学科として新入生を募集することになっており,推薦入学もとられる予定である。そこで,これを機会に推薦入学学生と一般入試による入学生との在学成績,学習態度等を比較検討し,推薦入試制度の有用性を検討した。推薦入学生の在学成績は一般入試による入学者の成績とほとんど差はないか,むしろよい傾向にある結果を得た。今回の検討結果は在学成績のみでしかも期間が3回しか卒業生を送りだしていない時点であることから推薦入学制度の有用性を結論づけるためには更に今後検討が必要である。
Abstract Alternative At the nursing department of our college, we introduced in 1993 a system of admitting students on the recommendation of their high school principals, by which about 20 % of the full quota are to be admitted. Since then, our department has graduated students for 3 years. To evaluate the usefulness of this system, students admitted by this system were compared with those admitted by general entrance examination in terms of their college record and the during learning. The college record in the students admitted on recommendation was similar to or slightly better than that in the students admitted by general entrance examination. However, these results were obtained only by comparing the college record, and this system has been used only 3 years. To confirm the usefulness of this recommendation-admission system, further studies are necessary.
Keywords 推薦入試 (recommendation-admission system) 成績 (record) 有用性 (usefulness)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1999-02-26
Volume volume9
Issue issue2
Start Page 59
End Page 64
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307911
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15242
Title Alternative Support team and its effects on house remodeling for aged and handicapped persons
FullText URL 012_1_045_052.pdf
Author Motohoshio, Yasuko| Tanaka, Misako| Sugii, Masumi| Hukushima, Toshiko| Taguchi, Michiko| Takami, Kyoko| Nakashima, Yasuko| Tsushima, Yuko| Yasumoto, Katsuhiro| Taniguchi, Nozomi| Ohta, Takeo| Okano, Hatsue|
Abstract 地域で生活する高齢者・障害者にとって,住宅環境の整備は必須の要件である。津山市では在宅生活を支援する立場にある保健婦やホームヘルパー,作業療法士等保健・福祉関係者と,建築関係者が共同で支援チームをつくり住宅改造に関わってきた。本研究では,この支援チームが関わった事例と直接関わらないで当事者と業者のみで改造を実施した事例を比較し,支援チームが関わることの効果をみた。調査方法は,各事例の家庭を訪問して面接聞き取り調査を行った。調査内容は調査票を用いて改造箇所,生活空間,介護量,外出の状況について尋ねた。改造前後の変化を比較して,支援チームの効果について以下のことが明らかになった。 1.支援チームの関与による浴室の改造は,入浴が可能となり生活空間が広がるなど改善が認められた。 2.離床を目的にした玄関・廊下・居室の改造は,外出などの日常生活行動を広げ,本人のQOLを高めることに役立つ。以上より住宅の改造が,介護者の介護負担を必ずしも直接軽減するとは限らないが,高齢者・障害者の介護の質に変化を与えることが示唆された。
Abstract Alternative The maintenance and improvement of housing environments are essential for aged and handicapped persons living in a local communities. The support team consists of public health nurses, home helpers, occupational therapists and architects took part in giving an advices for house remodeling in Tsuyama City. We compared the effectiveness of the participation of the team before and after remodeling of housing environment. An interview was conducted at each cases for places of remodeling, living spaces, quantity of care and ease of going. The results are as follows ; 1. The remodeling of bathrooms, participating support team improved the living spaces to be able to take bath. 2. The remodeling of entrances and corridors for leaving beds, improved the living space and the QOL of care recipients. The results suggest that the remodeling of houses dose not always lighten care burdens for caring, but changes the quality of care for aged and handicapped persons.
Keywords 高齢者・障害者 (aged and handicapped person) 住宅改造 (house remodeling) 支援チーム (support team)
Publication Title 岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
Published Date 2001-12-25
Volume volume12
Issue issue1
Start Page 45
End Page 52
ISSN 1345-0948
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307921
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15222
Title Alternative Nursing Care Workers' Concerns about Child Restraint System
FullText URL 013_1_017_024.pdf
Author Ono, Kiyomi| Sumiyoshi, Kazuko| Okazaki, Yuka| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract 本調査は患児の救急搬送時のことやCRS (child restraint system)における法規制の理解などに対する看護職の意識と子どもの車での搬送に関する問題への対応を知る目的で実施した。岡山市内にある病院および保健所・保健センターに勤務している看護職725名(回収率72.2%)を対象に無記名アンケート方式で郵送法にて実施した。その結果,入退院時の搬送については「一度も話したことがない者」は84.6%で,搬送に関してはほとんど関与していなかった。CRSの除外規定に関する法的理解について5項目質問したが、正解者は40.9%であった。その他"肥満児および精神的な不穏時のCRSの対応"として は保護者への判断を促す者と医師の判断を仰ぐ者との2通りの意見があった。 わが国では健常児の非CRS使用時の搬送時に事故がおき運転者責任を問われたが,除外規定に関する判例ではなかった。今後は交通事故の発生の場合には確実にCRSの問題は運転者の判断を問われることになる。看護職としては子どもの搬送にCRSは関与していることを認識することへの示唆となるだろう。
Abstract Alternative This study surveyed nursing care workers (workers) understandings of regulations regarding the emergent transportation of childhood patients and child restraint systems (CRS). It also ascertained how they addressed issues involved in the transportation of children by car. Subjects were 725 workers at hospitals or health centers in Okayama City, who were sent an anonymous style questionnaire that was then retrieved by mail (recovery rate 72.2%). As the results, 84.6% of workers had never discussed childhood patient transportation during admission/discharge, with most not being involved in the transportation of children. Only 40.9% answered correctly to 5 questions regarding the exclusive provisions of CRS used to ascertain understanding of the regulations. There were two responses regarding "CRS application to fat children or those with mental restlessness": some encouraged the parents to make a decision and others took advices from doctors. A driver was held responsible for a car accident in Japan when a healthy child was transported without CRS. No case regarding the exclusive provisions has yet been reported. In cases of car accidents, drivers will from now surely be held responsible for the use of CRS. This survey provided nursing care workers for the opportunity to recognize the importance of CRS in the emergenty transportation of children.
Keywords チャイルドシート (child restraint system) 看護職 (nursing care worker) 子どもの搬送 (child transportation)
Publication Title 岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
Published Date 2002-12-25
Volume volume13
Issue issue1
Start Page 17
End Page 24
ISSN 1345-0948
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307325
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11914
Title Alternative The ideas about nursing course of senior high school teachers.
FullText URL 005_047_052.pdf
Author Takabatake, Harumi| Maeda, Makiko| Ohta, Takeo| Kitajima, Kouichi| Kondo, Masuko|
Abstract 近年、4年制大学の増設をはじめとした看護課程における教育の変革が進められつつある。これは質の高い看護の人材を必要とする社会のニーズに応えたものである。著者らはこれらの看護課程に対する意見を、岡山県下の高校で進路指導をしている教師に尋ね、郵送による質問紙法を用いて33名の回答を得た。その結果、以下のことが分かった。1. 51.5%の教師は、看護大学が増えると進学希望者の関心は呼ぶとしており、36.4%は、学生数の一定の増加があるだろうとしている。また、36.4%は教師の立場から看護課程への進学を勧めやすくなると考えている。2. 高校の教師は看護婦不足の理由として労働条件の厳しさを指摘している。3. 高校教師は進路として看護課程を勧める理由を仕事の専門性と奉仕性を多くあげていた。これらは、高等教育化と看護職のイメージの改善の両方が必要であることを示唆している。
Abstract Alternative Currently, improvement of nursing curriculum has been done in Japan, including the establishment of a four year course at universitiy, responding to the social needs for man-power for high quality nursing. A questionnaire survey by mail was done in 1993, to get ideas about the nursing course of high school teachers giving advice to students wishing to go on to university or college. Thirty three high school teachers out of a total of 76 schools in Okayama prefecture responded. The results were as follows; 1, Seventeen teachers (51.5%) answered that the increase of a four year course at university would be an incentive to students. Twelve teachers (36.4%) said that it might increase the number of students choosing the course. And also 12 teachers (36.4%) thought that they could recommend this course to students more easily than before. 2, They pointed out the harsh working conditions as the reason for a shortage of nursing manpower. 3, Their reasons why they recommend the nursing course to students were firstly the specialty and secondly devotion to people.
Keywords 看護婦イメージ 看護教育 (Nursing education) 高校教師 (Teachers of senior high school) Nursing carriculum
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 47
End Page 52
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313898
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11912
Title Alternative Images of nurses by senior high school students wishing to go on to the nursing course
FullText URL 005_037_045.pdf
Author Maeda, Makiko| Takabatake, Harumi| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Takeo| Kitajima, Koichi|
Abstract 本研究では、看護課程志望の高校生が看護職に対してどのようなイメージを持っているのか、看護教育機関の希望や将来の看護職種の希望は看護職に対するイメージと関係があるのかを明らかにしたいと考えた。岡山県下の全ての高校に在学中の看護課程志望高校生に対して、質問紙調査をおこなった。222名から回答が得られ、分析を行った結果、以下のことが明らかになった。1)看護課程志望高校生は看護職に対して非常に良いイメージを持っており、同時に労働条件の厳しさも理解していた。その良いイメージとは、看護職の持つ尊さや献身性に由来する自負心と、資格のもつ現実的利点であった。しかし、看護職の専門性を表す、高度な知識・判断・技術、生涯教育の必要性の認識は低かった。2)短大・大学を志望する高校生は、看護学校・准看護学校志望者に比べ、看護職は生涯教育を必要とするとイメージしていた。3)看護婦、保健婦、助産婦のどの職種を希望するかによって、看護職に対するイメージに違いがあった。
Abstract Alternative A qusetionnaire survey was done by senior high school students wishing to go on to the nursing course in Okayama Prefecture, to know what images of nurses they had, what course for nursing education they wished to best for and what they would like nursing profession to be. Results of analysing data obtained from 222 students were as follows; 1. They had favorable images of nurses in high rates, although they also recognized the harsh working conditions. Those images were thought to be derived from the preciousness of nursing, devotion to people, and advantage of the license. But recognition of specialty of nursing indicated by items such as knowledge, judgement, skill and continuing education was low. 2. Necessity of continuing education was recognized by students wishing to go on to university or junior college better than students of vocational school of registered and assistant nurses. 3. Images of nurses were different by their choice of profession such as clinical nurses, public health nurses and midwives which they would like to be in the future.
Keywords 看護職に対するイメージ (images of nurses) 高校生 (senior high school students) 看護課程 (nursing course) 看護職種 (nursing profession)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 37
End Page 45
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313845
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11904
Title Alternative A Study of community nursing Practice of basic nursing educaition curriculum - Analysis of practice repord by student nurses -
FullText URL 005_009_015.pdf
Author Ono, Tsuruko| Ohta, Takeo| Maeda, Makiko| Takabatake, Harumi|
Abstract 地域看護実習は、地域における看護の役割を理解することを主なねらいとして、保健所で実習を行っているが、保健所実習が地域看護実習の目標を達成しているかは否かを、学生の実習記録を分析し検討した。80%以上の学生が体験している実習内容は、家庭訪問、集団検診、共同作業所、健康相談等である。実習目標の記載状況は「実習項目別実習記録」及び実習全体のまとめ「総括」の記載内容から抽出し分析した。目標記載率70%以上であった実習項目は、実習目標①(地域の人々の生活及び健康問題の理解)は共同作業所、グループ指導、家庭訪問であり、目標②(保健サービスの実態の理解)では家庭訪問であった。また「総括」では目標②の記載率が高く、目標③(地域の看護活動の実態を学ぶ)の記載率67%と予測に反して高くなかった。今後地域看護、継続看護に関する講義のあり方を含めて、地域看護実習の位置づけを再検討する必要がある。
Abstract Alternative Practice reports at the health center for 1 week written by 152 student nurses were analysed to know wether they achieved their goal of the course for community nursing or not. More than 80% students attended at home visits, mass health examination, common workshops for mentally disordered persons and health counsclling. Practice for understanding peoples'lives and health problems in the community were well achieved in practice at the common workshop, group guidance and home visit. They understood about health care and servicesin the community through home visits. Their comprehension of role of the community nursing was not so sufficient as expected for mark of curriculum.
Keywords 地域看護実習 (community nursing practice) 保健所実習 (practice at public health center) 実習目標 (goal of the course for community nursing) 看護基礎教育課程 (basic narsing education curriculum)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 9
End Page 15
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313788
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11900
Title Alternative Faculties' ideas to the school syllabus
FullText URL 005_001_008.pdf
Author Ohta, Takeo| Shimoishi, Yasuaki| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Endo, Hiroshi| Okazaki, Yuka|
Abstract シラバスは、その内容も含めて、まだ教官にも、学生にもなじみのない言葉である。著者らは、1994年、初めてのシラバス(講義要覧)を刊行した。このシラバスの中では、1人もしくは数人の教官によって、1教科・1学期分の講義の概要が各1ページの中に記載され、その枠組みは、基本的事項以外に、抗議の目標、授業計画、授業計画、教科書、参考書、授業の進め方、評価の方法、教官のメッセージから成るものであった。このシラバス作成に参加した専任教官45人及び非常勤教官107人、計153人に対し、調査表によってシラバス作成に関する意見を求めた結果、117人(77.0%)の教官が解答を寄せた。その結果は次のようなものであった。1.今回の作成計画以前にシラバスについて認識があった者は44.5%であった。しかし、シラバスの今後の発行に関しては94.9%の者が賛成であった。今回の枠組みについてはほとんどの者が肯定的であった。2.学生による授業評価については、約半数(52.7%)が賛成であるが、時期尚早とする者が41.8%いた。
Abstract Alternative The term 'syllabus' and its concept are not familiar to university faculty members and students in Japan. Authors who belonged to School of Health Sciences Okayama University, published the first syllabus in 1994. In this syllabus, an outline of each course for a semester was shown by one or a few faculty members. The framework consisted of the mark of the subject, schedule, textbook, reference book, how to teach, how to grade and message to students, besides basic information. Forty-five full-time faculty members and 107 part-time faculty members were asked about their ideas for the syllabus through a questionnaire survey by mail and 119 faculty members (78.3%) responded to it. Only fifty-three faculty members (44.5%) had known the term 'syllabus' before the time when they started to talk about it or were asked to write it. But after their presenting syllabi, 104 faculty members (87.4%) agreeded to continue publishing and they were affirmative to framework as it was proposed this time. As for evaluation of subject by students, about half of faculties (52.7%) agreeded and 51.8% of them replied that were not mature enough for it yet.
Keywords シラバス (syllabus) 授業要覧 授業概要 教官の意見 (faculties' idea) evaluation by student
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 1
End Page 8
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313605
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11888
Title Alternative A new scale for student nurses to rate image of the elderly
FullText URL 004_083_087.pdf
Author Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Nagata, Hiroshi| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract Our prior scale for student nurses to rate image of the elderly is inadequate both in number of items used and in exaustiveness of possible images they have. This study attempts to construct a new rating scale by decreasing the number of the previous items and by incorporrating pertinent novel items. A new scale reported here consisits of 20 items, with 15 items being determined through a factor analysisi of the previous 38 items and 5 items being selected after a survey of relevant studies.
Keywords 老人看護 学生実習 老人イメージ尺度 因子分析
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 83
End Page 87
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313451
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11851
Title Alternative Changes of Student Nurses' views and Images of the Elderly before and after Practicing at Nursing Homes
FullText URL 003_105_113.pdf
Author Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Ito, Hisae| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract A questionnaire survey was done by 76 third year-students of the nursing course before and after practicing at the two nursing homes in 1989. The same questions about their views and images of the aged person were given twice and compared. Question to image consists of 38 paired items respectively opposed to be rated on a seven-point scale. The results showed that their views and images had changed from idealistic to realistic as a result of their practices. These were some differences found in these changes by the home and the period of practice.
Keywords 老人看護 学生実習 老人観 老人イメージ
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 105
End Page 113
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313390
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11847
Title Alternative The results of liver function test on workers handling ethanol and isopropanol solvents
FullText URL 003_093_097.pdf
Author Ohta, Takeo| Endo, Hiroshi| Mori, Shuji| Koda, Shigeki| Oze, Yutaka|
Abstract Liver function tests such as GOT, GPT, γ-GTP and ornithine carbamyl transferase (OCT) were done on workers handling alcoholic solvents. One was a group of molders working in a foundry where they sprayed ethanol solvent on the surface of a sandbox and burnt it. Another was a group of painters at an iron and steel works and they sprayed paint with isopropanol solvent on iron and steel plates. No statistical differences in the results of tests between the solvent workers and control groups were seen. High correlations were found between GOT/γ-GTP and OCT/γ-GTP. OCT of 4 workers who had drunk alcohol on the day before test showed a statisically high value compared to workers who had not drunk alcohol.
Keywords Ethanol Isopropanol Liver Function Test アルコール系溶剤 肝機能
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 93
End Page 97
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313962
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11837
Title Alternative The influence on the family of mother's staying away from home in order to take care her child who is suffering from a disease at a hospital -Psychosomatic changes in children left at home-
FullText URL 003_055_061.pdf
Author Ohta, Niwa| Ono, Tsuruko| Ohta, Takeo| Matsui, Yumiko|
Abstract The self administered questionnaire survey by mail was done by 135 mothers having been away from their home in order to take care of their children treated at the university hospital and having left her other children at home. Data on the psychosomatic changes of 172 children cared for by persans other than their mothers during their mothers' absence were obtained. The relationship between psychosomatic influences on these children and the situation they were put in was statitically analysed by X(2) test and multivariate analysis with Hayashi's type 2 quantification. The results showed that whether there was an influence on children or not was affected by some factors such as their age, who took care of them and the duration of the mothers' absence. According to their ages, a variety of different psychosomatic influences was found. The most frequent influences are emotional ones (69.1%), followed by behavioral ones (18.6%) including 8 cases of children refusing to go to school or nursery school. These findings are instructive for nurses who give advice to mothers in such situation.
Keywords 家族 付き添い 同胞 精神的影響
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 55
End Page 61
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313661
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11818
Title Alternative Alcoholic Liver Disease
FullText URL 003_001_012.pdf
Author Endo, Hiroshi| Nakata, Yasunari| Okamoto, Motoi| Mori, Shuji| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract Relationship between ethanol drinking and organs injury was reviewed and special emphasis was put on alcoholic liver disease. Consumption of alcoholic beverage expressed as ethanol per capita of adult in Japan increased 2.1 times in these 25 years and it is still increasing. Although the incidence of alcoholic liver disease in Japan also increased greatly during the above period, it seems likely that plateau level is coming because of genetically defined, unique type of alcohol metabolism in Japanese. Sex differences in susceptibility to alcohol were discussed. Among the six types of alcoholic liver disease, alcoholic liver fibrosis is relatively frequent in Japan. Mechanism of liver injury has been studied extensively. Alcohol itself is toxic but other factors such as dietary fat are also important. Biochemical and immunological markers of drinking were presented. As for the treatment, most patients especially in early stages of the disease well respond to alcohol withdrawal, but therapy of alcohol dependence in the background of the disease is very difficult requiring cooperative works of different kinds of specialists.
Keywords alcohol liver epidemiology genetic factors alcohol dependence
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 1
End Page 12
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313726
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11800
Title Alternative The Thermal Condition in the Classrooms and Students' Thermal Sensation (Report 1) - A Study done from April through July -
FullText URL 002_045_049.pdf
Author Ohta, Takeo| Kondo, Masuko|
Abstract Dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperature in classrooms at the School were measured from April through July in 1990, by means of an Assmann ventilated psychrometer. The thermal sensation of the female students was surveyed by a questinnaire at the same time. Correlation coefficients between the rates of thermal sensation and thermal indicators such as natural temperature, relative humidity, effective temperature and discomfort index were computed. And multiple regressions equations of these indications and partial corelation coefficients were also computed from the temperature and humidity. These data showed that the students' thermal sensation in this season is primarily influenced by temperature and not so much by humidity. The relation between temperature and the rate of students who feel the heat was discussed.
Keywords thermal condition thermal sensation classroom student
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1992-02-05
Volume volume2
Start Page 45
End Page 49
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313600