JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/53194
Sort Key 5
Title Alternative Aerosol observation at Okayama with Skyradiometer and LIDAR
FullText URL esr_021_1_013_021.pdf
Author Nagamatsu, Sinpei| Egawa, Daiki| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract  Aerosol is one of the controlling parameter for the global climate and also effects on local health hazards. The measurement of the aerosol was originally carried out as in-situ sampling and mass weight measurement including chemical analysis. Recently, remote sensing method is applied as satellite remote sensing and surface based remote sensing. Skyradiometer and LIDAR are surface based remote sensing system. Skyradiometer measures solar radiation as direct and scattered solar radiation affected by aerosols. LIDAR emit laser beam upward and it is backscattered by overlying aerosols. The backscattered light is received by a telescope and vertical distributions of the aerosols are obtained. These measurements require atmospheric radiation physics.  A Skyradiometer and a LIDAR were operated continuously at Okayama University campus and aerosol parameters were obtained from both of the system. Seasonal variations of the AOT (Aerosol Optical Thickness) and Angstrom parameter (α) are evaluated. During some dust events (e.g. yellow sand and PM2.5), time variations of these parameters were identified from both of the measurement system.
Keywords Aerosol Skyradiometer LIDAR Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT)
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2014-12-27
Volume volume21
Issue issue1
Publisher 岡山大学理学部地球科学教室
Publisher Alternative Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Okayama University
Start Page 13
End Page 21
ISSN 1340-7414
NCID AN10506284
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2014 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
Refereed False
NAID 120005567873
Eprints Journal Name esr
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/52166
Sort Key 5
Title Alternative A case study on the rainfall distribution over the Japan Islands associated with the approach of Ty0423 in late October (Comparison with that for Ty0418)
FullText URL esr_020_1_013_024_rev.pdf
Author Satake, Ai| Kato, Kuranoshin| Mori, Yoshinori| Goda, Yasuhiro| Ikeda, Shoichiro| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract Rainfall distribution in the Japan Islands associated with the approach of Typhoon No.23 around 20 October 2004 (referred to Ty0423, hereafter) showed considerably different features from those in late summer of this year. The present study examined the detailed rainfall features around the Japan Islands brought by Ty0423 and the atmospheric processes based on the operational observation data by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), comparing with those in association with Ty0418 around 7 September 2004. During the stage when Ty0423 was approaching or landing on the western part of the Japan Islands, the areal mean precipitation from Kyushu to Kanto District attained much larger than that for Ty0418, with wider extension of the area with the large amount of precipitation. It is interesting that, although the intense rainfall was observed only at the upstream side of the mountain range from Kyushu to Honshu District for Ty0418 except for the area near its center, strong rainfall with 10~30 mm/h persisted in wider regions from the western to the eastern part of the Japan Islands, resulting in the considerably large total rainfall for Ty0423. As for the case for Ty0423, the surface front with stable frontal surface was located just to the east of the Ty0423 center just before its landing at the Japan Islands. Thus, the huge moisture inflow mainly in the eastern region from the typhoon center seems to be redistributed widely over the Japan Islands area associated with the large-scale convergence around the stable frontal surface. In late October, the colder air associated with the high pressure system in the eastern Siberia can cover the northern part of the Japan Sea area as the seasonal march. Such basic field might be favorable for sustaining the synoptic-scale front just around the southern coast of the Japan Islands, even when the strong southerly wind invades associated with the typhoon approach there.
Keywords Ty0423 Ty0418 rainfall in Japan associated with a typhoon in mid-autumn effects of a typhoon on the synoptic climatology in Japan in October
Note ※p.18第7図が左右逆であったのを修正(Figure of the left and the right in p.18 FIG.7 was supposed to reverse. This version was corrected.)
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2013-12-27
Volume volume20
Issue issue1
Publisher 岡山大学理学部地球科学教室
Publisher Alternative Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Okayama University
Start Page 13
End Page 24
ISSN 1340-7414
NCID AN10506284
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2013 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
Refereed False
NAID 120005394594
Eprints Journal Name esr
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/49212
Sort Key 8
Title Alternative A case study on persistent appearance of the ensemble of precipitation bands in the warm sector of the Baiu front in the western Japan around 19 June 2001
FullText URL esr_019_1_039_050.pdf
Author Goda, Yasuhiro| Kato, Kuranoshin| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract A case study on persistent appearance of the ensemble of precipitation bands in the warm sector of the Baiu front in Kyushu District, the western part of Japan around 19 June 2001 was performed based on the operational observational data. Around 00UTC (09JST) 19 June when the Baiu front on the surface weather map was still located about a few 100kms to the north of Kyushu, the number and the total area of the meso-β or γ-scale line-shaped precipitation bands increased around Kyushu rapidly. These precipitation bands had been sustained there and gradually gathered each other to change into the Baiu frontal precipitation zone extending from the northern Kyushu to Seto-Naikai (Seto Inland Sea) around 09UTC (18JST) 19 June (the intense rainfall zone was still located in the warm sector of the Baiu front). Until ~09UTC (18JST) 19 June, the moist air flow with the latently unstable stratification had been sustained around Kyushu corresponding to the low-level southerly wind toward the surface Baiu front to the north of Kyushu. This large-scale situation would contribute greatly to the maintenance of the ensemble of the line-shaped precipitation bands in the warm sector of the Baiu front.
Keywords ensemble of line-shaped precipitation bands precipitation in the warm sector of the Baiu front Baiu fronal rainfall
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2012-12-26
Volume volume19
Issue issue1
Publisher 岡山大学理学部地球科学教室
Publisher Alternative Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Okayama University
Start Page 39
End Page 50
ISSN 1340-7414
NCID AN10506284
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2012 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
Refereed False
NAID 120005232330
Eprints Journal Name esr
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/47748
Sort Key 5
Title Alternative Characteristics of typhoon tracks and large-scale atmospheric fields associated with the typhoon approach to the Japan Islands in early summer
FullText URL esr_018_1_011_018.pdf
Author Hamamoto, Natsumi| Kato, Kuranoshin| Nakayama, Yuuki| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract The number of typhoons approaching the Japan Islands is much smaller in May and June than in August to September. However, some typhoons abnormally approach to the Japan Islands in May or June as in 2004. The present study investigated the characteristics of the typhoon tracks and the large-scale fields in May and June associated with the approach of typhoons to the Japan Islands. Climatologically speaking, typhoons are generally formed in the lower latitude in May and early June, and tend to turn to ENE-ward before they reach ~ 20N in May by the upper- and middle-level westerly wind. In June, the upper-level easterly wind associated with the Tibetan high seems to prevent typhoons from approaching to the Japan Islands. However, when the cell-type subtropical high and the deep westerly trough in its western side are formed with the SW-ly from the lower to the middle latitude, a favorable situation for the northward invasion of the typhoon can be realized in May. On the other hand, the formation of the barotropic-like subtropical high to the southeast of the Japan Islands seems to enable a typhoon to approach to the Japan Islands by the S-ly wind around the subtropical high.
Keywords typhoon tracks in early summer large-scale atmospheric fields in early summer
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2011-12-26
Volume volume18
Issue issue1
Publisher 岡山大学理学部地球科学教室
Publisher Alternative Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Okayama University
Start Page 11
End Page 18
ISSN 1340-7414
NCID AN10506284
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
language 日本語
Copyright Holders © 2011 by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee All Rights Reserved
File Version publisher
Refereed False
NAID 120003796476
Eprints Journal Name esr
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/15034
Sort Key 5
Title Alternative 中国寧夏地域における日照時間から日積算日射量の推定
FullText URL 015_079_086.pdf
Author Yang, Qin| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract For the estimation of daily solar radiation from sunshine duration, observation data of Yinchuan station in Ningxia, China was used. Using a linear relationship between solar radiation and extraterrestrial radiation including relative sunshine duration and daylength, we obtained local coefficients s a =0.18, s b =0.62 from past five years data(1981-1985). Using the same method, coefficients for Guyuan region were confirmed too as a representative of south part of Ningxia province. Applying the local coefficients and calculation formula of solar radiation, we validated daily solar radiation of two years(1986-1987) of Yinchuan station and four years(1991-1994) of Guyuan station. The results showed high correlation coefficients of R2=0.94 in Yinchuan and R2=0.85 in Guyuan. Error analysis was applied using mean bias error(MBE), mean absolute bias error(MABE), root mean square error(RMSE),mean absolute percentage error(MAPE) on solar radiation of Yinchuan(1973-2006) and Guyuan(1986-2006) stations. Results showed that mean absolute bias error(MABE) was less than 13% and 17% in Yinchuan station and Guyuan station respectively. Then we have applied this method to the estimation of daily solar radiation at ‘Yongning’ station(near Yinchan) with the sunshine duration data at ‘Yongning’. The estimated values were compared with observed daily solar radiation at Yinchuan as past twelve years data(1989-2000). The results showed good linear relationship with high correlation coefficient of R2= 0.88.
Keywords Daily solar radiation Extraterrestrial radiation Relative sunshine duration Local coefficient
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2009-03-31
Volume volume15
Issue issue1
Publisher 岡山大学理学部地球科学教室
Publisher Alternative Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Okayama University
Start Page 79
End Page 86
ISSN 1340-7414
NCID AN10506284
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
language 英語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
File Version publisher
Refereed False
NAID 120002307142
Eprints Journal Name esr
Author Kono, Takehiko| Yamashita, Eiji| Nogami, Terumasa| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Published Date 1999-09-20
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Volume volume6
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Takahashi, Satoshi| Tsukamoto, Osamu| Ishida, Hiroshi| Yoneyama, Kunio|
Published Date 2000-09-20
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Volume volume7
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Joko, Minoru| Kiyohara, Yasutomo| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Published Date 2002-09-20
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Volume volume9
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
Author Yang, Qin| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Published Date 2002-09-20
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Volume volume9
Issue issue1
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/13863
Sort Key 3
Title Alternative Increase Rate of fCO2 in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean
FullText URL earth_science_reports_011_1_15.pdf
Author Kondo, Fumiyoshi| Tsukamoto, Osamu| Watanabe, Shuichi|
Abstract In the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean, increase rates of fCO2 in the air and the ocean were evaluated using the CDIAC data set. The fCO2 in the air was increasing about 1.28μatm/year during 1957-1995. This result is almost same as the rate at the Mauna Loa, Hawaii in Tropical Pacific Ocean. The increase rate of fCO2 in the seawater was estimated as 1.64μatm/year. In this study it is found that the increase rate of fCO2 in the seawater is the almost same as that of fCO2 in the air. This reault supports the result on the snapshot analysis of Takahashi et al. (1983) in thr North Atlantic Ocean during 1958-1982. It is smaller than the result including seasonal variation in the Eastern Subtropical Pacific Ocean. These reault indicated that the anthropogenic CO2 in the air has affected fCO2 in seawater through CO2 gas exchange between the atmosphere and the ocean. It is found that fCO2 in the seawater has increased in the Eastern Equatiorial Pacific Ocean in spite of the large CO2 source region. It suggested that CO2 source potential has not changed in this ocean durung 1957-1995.
Keywords fCO2 Increase Rate Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean E1 Nino La Nina
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2004-12-31
Volume volume11
Issue issue1
Publisher 岡山大学理学部地球科学教室
Publisher Alternative Department of Earth Sciences Faculty of Science, Okayama University
Start Page 15
End Page 22
ISSN 1340-7414
NCID AN10506284
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002310498
Eprints Journal Name esr
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/13856
Sort Key 5
Title Alternative Local wind storm (Hirodo-kaze) in northern Okayama caused by Typhoon 0421 & 0423
FullText URL ESR_12_39.pdf
Author Kataoka, Fumie| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract In 2004, ten typhoons had landed over Japan and a lot of damages were reported due to heavy rain, storm surge and wind storms. In the north eastern part of Okayama prefecture, local high wind "Hirodo-kaze" caused severe wind damages due to typhoon passage. During Typhoon 0421, high winds were recoreded in the south foot of Mt.Nagi as typical local wind atrom, " Hirodo-kaze". While, during Typhoon 0423, severe wind damages expanded west of the typical Hirodo-kaze srea as well as a new extreme. In the present report, a lot of surface meteorological data were coollected and compared the meteorological fields among two typhoons.  
Keywords Wind Storm Hirodo-kaze Typhoon Local high wind
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2005-12-31
Volume volume12
Issue issue1
Publisher 岡山大学理学部地球科学教室
Publisher Alternative Department of Earth Sciences Faculty of Science, Okayama University
Start Page 39
End Page 47
ISSN 1340-7414
NCID AN10506284
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002310608
Eprints Journal Name esr
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/13855
Sort Key 4
Title Alternative 中国淮河流域付近の入梅前の時期における大気場や陸面状態の季節進行 (1998年の事例解析)
FullText URL ESR_12_31.pdf
Author Ikeda, Shoichiro| Kato, Kuranoshin| Tsukamoto, Osamu|
Abstract  Seasonal evolution of atmospheric and land surface conditions around the Huaihe River Basin in China in the pre-Meiyu stage of 1998 were examined, mainly based on the GAME re-analysis data. Around the Huaihe River Basin in China (just to the nront of the Changjiang River Basin), although the air temperature increased rapidly already in early June (the Meuyu front was located to the south of that region), the specific humidity did not increas so much at time. In addition, the latent heat supplied from the ground there decreased from late May to early June, compared to that before early May. The time mean southerly wind component across the low-level baroclinic Zone (although not so strong as in the mature stage of the Meiyu) invaded into Central Cjina during late April to early May. On the other hand, the relatively strong wind region once retreated southward in the middle of May associated with the onset of the Southeast Asian monsoon, and the calm wind region with frequent appearance of the surface high was seen around the Huaihe River Basin from late May to early June. Thus the present study shows that the Huaihe River Basin once experiences the rather drier stage just before the onset stage of the mature Meiyu there.
Keywords arid region in China and the Meiyu front seasonal evlution in East Asia Land surface condition around the Meiyu front
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2005-12-31
Volume volume12
Issue issue1
Publisher 岡山大学理学部地球科学教室
Publisher Alternative Department of Earth Sciences Faculty of Science, Okayama University
Start Page 31
End Page 37
ISSN 1340-7414
NCID AN10506284
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
language 英語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002310602
Eprints Journal Name esr
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/13828
Sort Key 1
Title Alternative Storm surge in the Seto Inland Sea accompanied by Typhoons in 2004
FullText URL earth_science_reports_014_1_1.pdf
Author Asanuma, Tomomitsu| Tsukamoto, Osamu| Ogawa, Kouji|
Abstract In 2004, Seto Inland Sea coast suffered severe damages of storm surge. This area never experienced storm surge damage in recent half century and people were not ready for the storm surge. In two typhoons of T0416 and T0418, surge anomaly were more than 150cm in Bisan-Seto area. Storm surges appeared after the maximum approach of typhoon not only due to surface low pressure but also due to wind stress as westerly. Because of geographical complexity of Seto Inland Sea, the surge process have not been well understood. Therefore, it is necessary to study the effects of the wind and the surface pressure using a numerical model. Atmospheric model MM5 and ocean model POM were used as a numerical experiment, including the astronomical tide model NAO. As the results of numerical simulation of the storm surge, atmospheric conditions were well simulated but ocean model was rather complex. There are a lot of island in Seto Inland Sea and sea water movement in the model was very much influenced by the topography and wind stress effect appeared much smaller. In the no-island model, storm surge height was a little improved. However the simulated surge height was still less than the observed height. Further improvement of the ocean model application should be considered in future studies.
Keywords Typhoon Storm Surge Seto Inland Sea surface pressure wind stress
Publication Title Okayama University Earth Science Report
Published Date 2008-03-31
Volume volume14
Issue issue1
Publisher 岡山大学理学部地球科学教室
Publisher Alternative Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Okayama University
Start Page 1
End Page 9
ISSN 1340-7414
NCID AN10506284
Content Type Departmental Bulletin Paper
language 日本語
Copyright Holders 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
File Version publisher
NAID 120002310572
Eprints Journal Name esr