FullText URL Plant_Cell_Physiol_55_7_1255.pdf
Author Yoshioka-Nishimura, Miho| Nanba, Daisuke| Takaki, Takashi| Ohba, Chikako| Tsumura, Nodoka| Morita, Noriko| Sakamoto, Hirotaka| Murata, Kazuyoshi| Yamamoto, Yasusi|
Abstract  Under light stress, the reaction center-binding protein D1 of PSII is photo-oxidatively damaged and removed from PSII complexes by proteases located in the chloroplast. A protease considered to be responsible for degradation of the damaged D1 protein is the metalloprotease FtsH. We showed previously that the active hexameric FtsH protease is abundant at the grana margin and the grana end membranes, and this homo-complex removes the photodamaged D1 protein in the grana. Here, we showed a change in the distribution of FtsH in spinach thylakoids during excessive illumination by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and immunogold labeling of FtsH. The change in distribution of the protease was accompanied by structural changes to the thylakoids, which we detected using spinach leaves by TEM after chemical fixation of the samples. Quantitative analyses showed several characteristic changes in the structure of the thylakoids, including shrinkage of the grana, outward bending of the marginal portions of the thylakoids and an increase in the height of the grana stacks under excessive illumination. The increase in the height of the grana stacks may include swelling of the thylakoids and an increase in the partition gaps between the thylakoids. These data strongly suggest that excessive illumination induces partial unstacking of the thylakoids, which enables FtsH to access easily the photodamaged D1 protein. Finally three-dimensional tomography of the grana was recorded to observe the effect of light stress on the overall structure of the thylakoids.
Keywords FtsH protease Light stress Photosystem II Spinach chloroplast TEM Thylakoid
Note This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Oxford University Press
Published Date 2014-07-01
Publication Title Plant and Cell Physiology
Volume volume55
Issue issue7
Publisher Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists
Start Page 1255
End Page 1265
ISSN 0032-0781
NCID AA0077511X
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
Copyright Holders https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.ja
File Version author
PubMed ID 24891560
DOI 10.1093/pcp/pcu079
Web of Sience KeyUT 000339714800007
Related Url https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcu079
FullText URL J_Comp_Neurol_525_7_1586.pdf
Author Tamura, Kei| Kobayashi, Yasuhisa| Hirooka, Asuka| Takanami, Keiko| Oti, Takumi| Jogahara, Takamichi| Oda, Sen-ichi| Sakamoto, Tatsuya| Sakamoto, Hirotaka|
Abstract Several regions of the brain and spinal cord control male reproductive function. We previously demonstrated that the gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) system, located in the lumbosacral spinal cord of rats, controls spinal centers to promote penile reflexes during male copulatory behavior. However, little information exists on the male-specific spinal GRP system in animals other than rats. The objective of this study was to examine the functional generality of the spinal GRP system in mammals using the Asian house musk shrew (Suncus murinus; suncus named as the laboratory strain), a specialized placental mammal model. Mice are also used for a representative model of small laboratory animals. We first isolated complementary DNA encoding GRP in suncus. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that suncus preproGRP was clustered to an independent branch. Reverse transcription-PCR showed that GRP and its receptor mRNAs were both expressed in the lumbar spinal cord of suncus and mice. Immunohistochemistry for GRP demonstrated that the sexually dimorphic GRP system and male-specific expression/distribution patterns of GRP in the lumbosacral spinal cord in suncus are similar to those of mice. In suncus, we further found that most GRP-expressing neurons in males also express androgen receptors, suggesting that this male-dominant system in suncus is also androgen-dependent. Taken together, these results indicate that the sexually dimorphic spinal GRP system exists not only in mice but also in suncus, suggesting that this system is a conserved property in mammals.
Keywords RRID AB_2060157 RRID: AB_2571636 RRID: AB_626757 Suncus murinus (suncus) gastrin-releasing peptide male reproductive function sexual dimorphism spinal cord
Note This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Tamura K. Kobayashi Y. Hirooka A. et al. Identification of the sexually dimorphic gastrin-releasing peptide system in the lumbosacral spinal cord that controls male reproductive function in the mouse and Asian house musk shrew (Suncus murinus). J Comp Neurol. 2017;525:1601–1613. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving. 2018年5月公開予定
Published Date 2017-05-01
Publication Title Journal of Comparative Neurology
Volume volume525
Issue issue7
Publisher Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology
Start Page 1586
End Page 1598
ISSN 0021-9967
NCID AA00695917
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
File Version author
PubMed ID 27804131
Web of Sience KeyUT 000397559700004
Related Url https://doi.org/10.1002/cne.24138