Author Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Miyake, Hideaki| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Mikami, Yasutaka| Inamura, Keiji| Mimura, Seiichi| Ohkawa, Yoshihiro| Takeda, Yoshihiro| Hiraki, Yoshio| Fujiki, Tomokazu| Kishi, Kanji| Chihara, Naoto|
Published Date 1990-10
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume102
Issue issue9-10
Content Type Journal Article
Author Matsushima, Kishio| Nagaya, Isao| Inamura, Keiji| Kadohisa, Shigefumi| Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Mikami, Yasutaka| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Aono, Kaname|
Published Date 1984-12-30
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume96
Issue issue11-12
Content Type Journal Article
Author Matsushima, Kisho| Wakasa, Hiroyuki| Oguri, Nobuhiro| Kitayama, Takuichi| Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Mikami, Yasutaka| Hashimoto, Keiji| Hiraki, Yoshio| Aono, Kaname|
Published Date 1984-12-30
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume96
Issue issue11-12
Content Type Journal Article
Author Matsushima, Kishio| Oguri, Nobuhiro| Wakasa, Hiroyuki| Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Mikami, Yasutaka| Hiraki, Yoshio| Kimoto, Shin| Hashimoto, Keiji| Aono, Kaname| Fujimoto, Wataru| Kodama, Hajime|
Published Date 1984-12-30
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume96
Issue issue11-12
Content Type Journal Article
Author Matsushima, Kishio| Mimura, Seiichi| Tahara, Seiji| Kitayama, Takuichi| Inamura, Keiji| Mikami, Yasutaka| Hashimoto, Keiji| Hiraki, Yoshio| Aono, Kaname|
Published Date 1985-02-25
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume97
Issue issue1-2
Content Type Journal Article
Author Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Yamada, Toshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Mikami, Yasutaka| Ohkawa, Yoshihiro| Inamura, Kenji| Oguri, Nobuhiro| Nagaya, Isao| Noriyasu, Toshiaki| Okazaki, Yoshio| Inoue, Nobuhiro| Togami, Izumi| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Published Date 1990-02
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume102
Issue issue1-2
Content Type Journal Article
Author Shibuya, Koichi| Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Kobashi, takao| Okura, Yasuhiko| Tandani, Nobuyoshi| Mikami, Yasutaka| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Published Date 1995-06-30
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume107
Issue issue1-6
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11936
Title Alternative The contrast media containing soft drinks for X-ray examination of the stomach
FullText URL 005_111_114.pdf
Author Shibuya, Koichi| Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Goto, Sachiko| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Okura, Yasuhiko| Tandani, Nobuyoshi| Nobuhara, Eitaro| Mikami, Yasutaka|
Abstract 胃検診の受診者を増やし、検査を円滑に行う上で、造影剤である硫酸バリウム懸濁液の飲みにくさが障害の一つとなっている。これを改善する試みとして、懸濁液に市販の粉末清涼飲料を混入し検討したところ72.1%の人から通常のものよりも飲みやすいという回答を得た。今後、臨床的な検討を加えながら、さらに創意工夫していく必要がある。
Abstract Alternative Barium sulfate suspensions are disliked to drink by many people. That is one of the obstacles to increse person who consult doctors and to have medical examinations smoothly. We mixed soft drinks into the suspensions to improve this problem. As a result they were popular among 72.1% people. We need to study about these suspensions further, adding the clinical matters.
Keywords 造影剤 (contrast media) 硫酸バリウム製剤 (barium sulfate suspension) 粘度 (viscosity) 飲みやすさ (easiness to drink)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 111
End Page 114
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313324
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11934
Title Alternative Granularity of Asymmetric Screen-Film System
FullText URL 005_105_110.pdf
Author Honda, Mitsugi| Yoshida, Akira| Nakamura, Nobue| Mimura, Seiichi| Kadohisa, Sigefumi| Mikami, Yasutaka| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Takeuchi, Tomoyuki| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract 非対称増感紙フィルム系について、両面乳剤フィルムのウィナースペクトル測定に及ぼす影響を検討した。濃度0.5~2.5のノイズ試料のフロント乳剤、バック乳剤、支持体層それぞれで測定したスペクトルの和と、両面同時に測定した全スペクトルとを比較した。その結果、全ウィナースペクトルの値は、フロント乳剤、バック乳剤の和より高くなった。また、試料濃度が高いほど、その差は大きくなった。これらは、マイクロデンシトメータの光学系の配置と両面乳剤フィルムの構造に起因している。したがって、非対称システムのようにフィルムの前面と後面で特性を分けて考える場合、注意を要する。
Abstract Alternative We have examined a factor affecting the Wiener spectrum measurement of double-emulsion film. An asymmetric screen-film system (Kodak HC/INSIGHT system) was used in this study. The results indicated that the total Wiener spectra of double-emulsion films are higher than the sum of spectra obtained with the front emulsion and back emulsion separately. These differences are attributed to the arrangement of the optical system of the microdensitometer used to measure and the structure of double-emulsion film.
Keywords 非対称増感紙フィルム系 (asymmetric screen-film system) 両面乳剤フィルム (double-emulsion film) ウィナースペクトル (Wiener spectrum) 粒状性 (granularity) マイクロデンシトメータ (microdensitometer)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 105
End Page 110
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313805
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11931
Title Alternative Statistics and analysis on the troubles of linear accelarator.
FullText URL 005_099_103.pdf
Author Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Mikami, Yasutaka| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Sibuya, Koichi| Goto, Sachiko| Inamura, Keiji| Tahara, Seiji| Uno, Hirofumi| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract 放射線治療の成否は厳密に設定されたTarget Volumeに如何に正確な線量を照射するかによって決まる。治療術式の過程において、最も大きな誤差を生む要因は照射機器である。誤差の少ない治療を目指す第一歩は機器を正確に作動させることであり、日常からの保守点検および整備が必要である。今回、岡山大学附属病院で1976年から1991年までに使用されたリニアックについて、その故障状況を集計し、部位別故障件数、管球の寿命、稼動率などを分析検討した。その結果、故障件数では設置され稼動を始めた1976年、装置の老朽化が進んだ1990、1991年に多かった。部位別集計では加速部に圧倒的に多く、次いで照射口、高圧部の順であった。稼動率は設置年および1987年を除いてはいずれも96%以上とよい結果であった。この結果は全国に稼動している同型の装置の保守点検に役立つものと考える。
Abstract Alternative The Accuracy of radiation dose exposed the rigidly selected target volume is one of significant factors that have an influence upon the efficiency of treatment in the radiotherapy techniques. Therefore, it is necessary to daily maintain and check irradiation equipment for the radiotherapy. For the radiotherapy, the electron linear accelerator, Toshiba LMR-15A, had worked from 1976 to 1991 in Okayama University Hospital. On this study, all records regarding the operating condition were analyzed concerning parts of trouble, life of a tube and operating efficiency for these sixteen years. In a high frequency of trouble, an accelerating structure ranked first, followed by a collimator and a high voltage generator. The operating efficiency was 95% or greater. This report should be helpful to maintain and check a same model in other hosptals.
Keywords 放射線治療 (radiotherapy) 直線加速器 (linear accelarator) 故障 (troubles of radiation system)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1995-01-31
Volume volume5
Start Page 99
End Page 103
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313722
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11886
Title Alternative Analysis of Tempormandibular Joint by Image Processing -Discrimination of Condylar Position-
FullText URL 004_075_082.pdf
Author Azuma, Yoshiharu| Gotou, Sachiko| Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Nakamura, Nobue| Shibuya, Kouichi| Yamada, Toshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Mikami, Yasutaka| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract Tomography is clinically useful in the diagnosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome. The TMJ is formed by the condyle and the glenoid fossa, and there exists TMJ space between them. Image processing was employed in the present study, and the reference points of the condyle and the glenoid fossa were determined from the tomogram. Subsequently, the TMJ space was measured automatically in the image analysis. The TMJs of 98 patients were examined practically and the characteristics of each result were studied. There is a possibility of discriminating an abnormal condylar position from a normal one by making use of the TMJ space and the distance between two reference points.
Keywords Condylar Position Temporomandibular Joint Space Image Processing Tomogram Discrimination
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 75
End Page 82
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313405
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11878
Title Alternative Dosimetry in Radiography
FullText URL 004_069_073.pdf
Author Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Goto, Sachiko| Mikami, Yasutaka| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Sibuya, Koichi| Inamura, Keiji| Tahara, Seiji| Uno, Hirohumi| Takata, Yoshiaki| Tandani, Nobuyoshi| Yamada, Toshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract Utilization of radiation in medical treatment is increasing more and more ; consequently, It becomes more important to estimate exposure dose correctly. Altough there are many reports about exposue dose for patients, most of them merely describe the results of the measurements by parts of the body. Exposure dose differs with equipment, instruments, screen-firm system, contition of radiography, and so on. This paper describes the relation between skin dose and contitions of radiography, and also shows the result of measurement of "TPR" which needs to know the absorbed dose of each organ.
Keywords 線量測定 低エネルギー 被曝
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1994-01-31
Volume volume4
Start Page 69
End Page 73
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313669
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11849
Title Alternative Physical Image Quality of Rapid Processing Films
FullText URL 003_099_104.pdf
Author Yoshida, Akira| Honda, Mitsugi| Nakamura, Nobue| Arioka, Tadashi| Kobashi, Toshimi| Takeuchi, Tomoyuki| Mikami, Yasutaka| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract The imaging properties of Konica "new" SR series films and "old" MG-SR series films for rapid processing were measured in combination with green-emitting intensifying screens. The measured image quality prarameters include: characteristic curve, modulation transfer function (MTF) and Wiener spectrum. The relative speeds of the new SR series systems were slower than those of the old MG-SR series systems from 10 to 25%. The MTF's of the new systems were generally comparable to those of the old systems, except that SR-G system was improved with an increase of approximately 10%. In the Wiener spectrum measurement, however, the new systems showed from 10 to 35% decrease in low-frequency noise.
Keywords Rapid Processing Films Image Quality Characteristic Curve MTF Wiener Spectrum
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 99
End Page 104
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002314046
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11820
Title Alternative Photon background caused by the reduction of the electron beam energy - Materials of scattering foil -
FullText URL 003_013_018.pdf
Author Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Mimura, Seiiti| Inamura, Keiji| Tahara, Seiji| Miyake, Hideaki| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Egusa, Tomomi| Mikami, Yasutaka| Hiraki, Yoshio| Yamada, Toshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko|
Abstract The total skin electron beam therapy has been one of the clinical treatment for peripherally T-cell lymphoma; Mycosis fungoides, adult T-cell lymphoma, and so on. The crucial points in this treatment are not only having an optimum energy level of electron beam for a target volume (a tissue) but also keeping the photon back ground low. It is not easy to regulate those points by the control panel, however, for the equipment that is conventinally used for electron beam, theoretically, is to exchange lead (Pb), which is ordinarily used, to a low atomic number material as a scattering foil. We examined several different kinds and / or various thickness as a scattering foil material that can make the electron beam lower without an increase of the contaminant as X-ray. We hereby reported the results, and strongly suggested the following two materials in use; acrylic plate, carbon board, and so on, which are easily available and worked, would be practically useful for the total skin electron beam therapy.
Keywords 電子線エネルギー X線混入率 電子線全身照射法 スキャタリングホイル
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 13
End Page 18
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313375
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11805
Title Alternative Dose Distributions at Standard Diagnostic X-Ray Energy
FullText URL 002_063_071.pdf
Author Miyake, Hideaki| Inamura, Keiji| Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Kadohisa, Shigefumi| Mikami, Yasutaka| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Yamada, Toshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract Exposure dose has been indicated by surface dose or transit dose, but they could not indicate dose distributions inside the body. Modulex as the radiation therapy planning system was used for dose distributions at standard diagnostic X-ray energy. X-ray is low energy X-ray at standard diagnostic radiography, so alterations of the energy and the scattering dose distribution by absorbers are quite different from those at high energy X-rays. Mix-DP was put to the homogeneous tissue use, then Bone equivalent phantom or Lung equivalent phanton was put to the inhomogeneous tissue use. Density correction factors for inhomogeneous phantoms were gotten by the calculation of the water equivalent thickness. In Bone the inhomogeneous correction depended strongly on the bone thickness. In Lung it was in need of one density correction factor and the scattering correction method for the decrease of the back scattering. The calculated dose distributions by Modulex agreed with measured data when each correction was carried out, and it was indicated that those data apply to inclinical situations.
Keywords Exposure Dose Dose Distribution Radiation Therapy Planning System Density Correction Scattering Correction
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1992-02-05
Volume volume2
Start Page 63
End Page 71
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313328
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11766
Title Alternative Basic properies of beam flatness analyzer (THEBES 7000)
FullText URL 007_1_023_027.pdf
Author Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Oguri, Nobuhiro| Maruyama, Toshinori| Okawa, Yoshihiro| Wakasa, Hiroyuki| Nagaya, Isao| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Shibuya, Koichi| Goto, Sachiko| Mikami, Yasutaka| Inamura, Keiji| Morioka, Yasuki| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract 癌の有力な治療法の1つである放射線治療はシステム全体の許容誤差が±5%と、正確な治療が要求されている。正確な線量を正確な場所に照射されなければならない。そのためには日頃から照射装置のQuality Control が重要である。Beam平坦度の測定はその中でも、重要な項目で1/6月の測定頻度が勧告されている。今回、市販のBeam Flatness Analyzer (7000型 THEBES) を使用する機会を得たので、その基礎的性能であるChamber 相互の感度のちがい、測定値の再現性、識別可能な最小線量について実験を行った。各項目とも誤差が非常に少なく、日常の使用に際してそのデータは十分信頼できるものであることがわかった。
Abstract Alternative Lrradiation, which is one of the effective therapies to Cancer, is required to be accurate within ±5% of the tolerable error of the total system. An accurate dose has to be irradiated accurately at a target volume. For that Quality Control of the irradiation equipment is cotinually important. As the measurement of Beam Flatness is an important item, it is obligated to be measured once a week. In this paper as we have an opportunity to use a Beam Flatness Analyzer sold on a corporation of medical instrument, we experiment about the difference of sensitivity of mutual Chamber which is its basic property, the reproducibility of the measured score, and the minimum value of measuralbe dose. We find that the difference in every item is so small that its data is very reliable in a daily use.
Keywords 放射線治療 (radiation therapy) ビーム平坦度 (beam flatness) 性能評価 (valuation of property) 電子加速器 (electron accelerator)
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1996-09-30
Volume volume7
Issue issue1
Start Page 23
End Page 27
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313499
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11755
Title Alternative New Stepwedge for Bootstrap Sensitometry in Medical Radiography
FullText URL 001_019_027.pdf
Author Yoshida, Akira| Kobashi, Toshimi| Ohkawa, Yoshihiro| Mikami, Yasutaka| Hiraki, Yoshio| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Yamada, Toshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko|
Abstract A new stepwedge has been developed for bootstrap sensitometry, which is used for determining the characteristic curve of radiographic screen/film systems. Since each step of the stepwedge is separated by the lead septum, flare generated under one step will not penetrate the region of another step. The metal of the stepwedge can be changed with various materials. Characteristic curves obtained with new stepwedge bootstrap (NSB) and conventional stepwedge bootstrap (CSB) techniques were compared with those obtained for screen/film systems with inverse sqare sensitometry. The inverse square method was used as the reference standard for accuracy. The NSB method provided characteristic curves that agreed well with those obtained using the inverse square method. The slope of the curve in the CSB method was lower than that in the inverse square or NBS method, because of scatter radiation. The shape of the characteristic curve from the NSB method did not vary with the materials of step metals (aluminum and copper). The cumulative error involved when using the bootstrap method is also discussed.
Keywords Stepwedge Bootstrap Characteristic curves Sensitometry Radiographic screen/film systems
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 19
End Page 27
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313394
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11750
Title Alternative Total Skin Electron Beam Therapy
FullText URL 001_001_006.pdf
Author Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Inamura, Keiji| Miyake, Hideaki| Tahara, Seiji| Mimura, Seiichi| Egusa, Tomomi| Mikami, Yasutaka| Yamada, Toshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract The peripherally T-cell lymphoma; Mycosis fungoides etc, has the good radiation sensitivity, and has been adapted for total skin electron beam therapy. In this study the pendular irradiation method was used for the purpose of total skin electron beam therapy in Mycosis fungoides, and physical data on the radiation field and the electron beam energy were useful clinically.
Abstract Alternative 皮膚に限局した一連の末梢型T細胞リンパ腫は放射線に対する感受性が高く、電子線治療の適応となる疾患である。こららの疾患は一般的に全身の皮膚に浸潤するため、治療に際してはTarget Volumeの深さに合わせた最小限のエネルギーで全身隈なく照射する必要がある。筆者等は最近臨床で遭遇した菌状息肉症の患者を治療するため、その患者に合った物理的なデータを測定した。照射野の拡大には振子照射法を用い、エネルギー低減方法は装置に装備されている鉛のスキャタラーを低原子番号で、しかも加工のしやすい塩化Vinyl板に交換する方法を工夫した。データとして治療効果、副作用に関係する線量率、エネルギー、及び照射野内平坦度について測定した結果、距離が長くなる関係から線量率が低下する全身照射法の欠点は解消できなかったが、エネルギー及び平坦度については使用可能なデータを得ることができた。
Keywords 電子線全身照射法 菌状息肉症 全身性皮膚疾患
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1991-03-25
Volume volume1
Start Page 1
End Page 6
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313887