Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

非特異性免疫反応増強作用の研究 第3編 海猽血清分屑の沈降反応増強作用,及び海猽血清の加温による物理化学的変化についての研究

Otaki, Chihiro
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Adding guinea pig serum, its natural or heated fractions to the antigens, their effects on precipitin reaction have been studied. As the antigen, polysacchalides from yeast have been used, and the antiserum has been obtained from rabbit immunized by it. The results were as follows: 1) Uhlenhuth's precipitin reaction by the antigen diluted with heated serum or heated albumin fraction shows higher titer than routine method, while the reaction by the antigen diluted with natural (unheated) serum or the unheated albmin fraction does not show any effect to increase the titer. The globulin fraction shows no effect whether it is heated or not. 2) In Ogata's reaction (antigen-antibody diluting method), both guinea pig serum and its albumin fraction have the increasing effect. The globulin fraction has the effect if it is heated, but not if it is used unheated. 3) The fractions by electrophoresis, albumin, α(1) -, α(2) -, β -, γ - globulin have the effect of following order. albumin > α(2) - ≧ α(1) - > β - > γ - globulin 4) Guinea pig serum and its albumin fraction shows remarkable turbidity by heating, but its globulin fraction does not show any difference among turbidities caused by heating (from 56℃ to 62℃).