Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

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Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

慢性関節リウマチにおける頸椎X線病変に関する研究―特に疾患進行度との関連について―

Nishizawa, Masato
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Abstract
A multivariate analysis of the clinical and radiographic findings of 70 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was studied. Linear multiple regression analysis was performed on 23 clinical variables. The factors that contributed highly to the progression of vertical atlanto-axial subluxation (VS) were gender, presence of arthritis mutilans, blood hemoglobin level, carpal height ratio (CHR) and the number of joints treated by arthroplasty. This result suggests that the natural progression of VS may well relate to the indicators of the severity of destructive conditions. In contrast, anterior atlanto-axial subluxation (AAS) showed no statistical correlation with any factors. Therefore, the severity of AAS does not appear to be related to the factors that were closely related to VS. A follow-up study of the radiological changes in the cervical spine and hand was performed. There was a high correlation between the severity of VS and the reduction of CHR. As destructive changes in the hands were common and irreversible findings in RA, CHR was the most objective of the factors correlated with VS. Therefore, the measurement of CHR is useful in evaluating the progression of VS.
Keywords
慢性関節リウマチ
頸椎病変
X線学的変化
多変量解析
Note
原著
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489