Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

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薬剤誘起性アレルギー性呼吸器疾患の発症病態に関する研究 第2編 動物モデルによる肺好酸球症の検討

Mifune, Takashi
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Abstract
To clarify the pathogenesis of respiratory disease induced by drug allergy, an animal model of eosinophilic lung disease induced by drug was developed. Administration of an aerosol of piperacillin (PIPC) to guinea pigs immunized with emulsion of PIPC and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) produced diffuse interstitial lung disease with alveolar wall thickening and alveolitis characterized by marked increase in eosinophils and mononuclear cells. A significant increase of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was shown in PIPC+CFA-sensitized animals compared with that in non-sensitized, PIPC-sensitized and CFA-sensitized animals. Using lymphocytes from BAL fluid, drug lymphocyte stimulation test (DLST) revealed a higher stimulation index (S. I.) than that using lymphocytes from peripheral blood tn 5 of seven animals. These findings suggest that eosinophils and lymphocytes (especially lymphocytes sensitized by antigen) play important roles in drug-induced respiratory disease. Furthermore, it is considered that lung lymphocytes were more active than lymphocytes in peripheral blood in the experiment, and local lymphocytes in BAL contributed to the pathogenesis of the respiratory disease induced by drug allergy.
Keywords
薬剤性呼吸器疾患
肺好酸球症
動物モデル
BAL
DLST
Note
原著
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489