Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

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難治性喘息における好中球の役割に関する研究 第1編 好中球からの Leukotrienes 産生能及び superoxide 産生能に関する検討

Shimizu, Ikki
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Abstract
The role of neutrophils migrated in the sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of intractable asthmatics is not difficult to understand. The production of leukotrienes (LTs) and superoxide stimulated by the calcium ionophores (CaI) from neutrophil-rich fraction of 29 intractable, 70 non-intractable asthmatics and 18 healthy subjects was examined by high performance liquid chromatography and a cytochrome C reduction method. Significantly larger amounts of LTC(4) and LTB(4) were produced by CaI in the neutrophil-rich fraction from asthematics, than in that from the healthy subjects (p<0.01). Moreover, a significantly larger amounts of LTC(4) was producted in the fraction obtained from the intractable asthmatics than in that from the non-intractable asthmatics (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in LTB(4) production between the two groups of asthmatics. The production of superoxide by concanavalin A was significantly increased in the neutrophil-rich fraction from prednisolone-within-10mg-dependent asthmatics than in those from prednisolone-over-10mg-dependent patients (p<0.01). There were correlations between the LTC(4) and LTB(4) production, and also between LTB(4) and superoxide production. LTs and superoxide released from inflammatory cells, especially neutrophils, may play an important role in the pathgenesis of intractable asthma.
Keywords
難治性喘息
好中球
ロイコトリエン
スーパーオキサイド
Note
原著
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489