Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

気管支喘息の発症機序における好酸球の動態に関する研究 第2編 カンジダ抗原による末梢血単核球由来好酸球遊走因子について

Kawada, Ichiro
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The role of the eosinophil chemotactic factor (ECF) produced by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma was studied. Bronchial asthma in childhood is characterized by its atopic history and such an asthmatic attack is induced by house dust or mite antigen through the type I allergic reaction. The lymphocytes found in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid have high responsiveness to Candida antigen. This suggests the participation of the type IV allergic reaction in the pathogenesis of asthmatic attack. Eosinophilic granulocyte infiltration in the lungs during the asthmatic attack was evaluated by measuring ECF activity produced by peripheral blood mononuclear cells incubated with Candida antigen. Chemotactic and chemokinetic activities to eosinophilic granulocytes were present in the supernatant, and basophilic granulocyte deletion did not change such chemotactic activity. High ECF production was observed in non-atopic asthmatics and in severe but non-steroid-dependent asthmatics. ECF may be produced at least in part from the lymphocyte blastogenic response to Candida antigen and may have some effect on the pathogenesis of non-atopic and severe asthmatics.
Bronchial asthma
Candida antigen
Eosinophil chemotactic factor