Congenital anomalies exert significant impact on individuals and their families, with particularly negative effects on their quality of life. However, studies focusing on the psychological and behavioral characteristics of children with congenital anomalies are still limited, though this information is indispensable for the educational support of such children. In this paper, we reviewed articles dealing with psychological, behavioral and socioemotional
characteristics of children with congenital anomalies including Turner syndrome, Klinefelter (XXY) syndrome, XYY syndrome, Apert syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome, Williams syndrome, Marfan syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, and congenital rubella syndrome. Educational support for these children is also discussed.
Congenital malformation syndromes
congenital contiguous gene syndrome