Acta Medica Okayama volume74 issue3
2020-06 発行

Exploring the Issues of Advance Directives in Patients with Mild Dementia in Taiwan

Chou, Hsi-Hsien School of Medicine, Chung-Shan Medical University
Publication Date
2020-06
Abstract
Due to cultural traditions, most Taiwanese do not have an advance directive or healthcare proxy. We explored how patients with mild dementia in Taiwan may still make self-determined decisions concerning advance directives for their healthcare and end-of-life care choices as the disease progresses. We examined 260 respondents with mild dementia at a Taiwan medical center: 199 patients who agreed (and 61 patients who disagreed) with the concept of advance directives completed a structured questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression models to determine the between-group differences revealed that the following were positively associated with approval of end-of-life directives: maintaining one’s quality of life (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.44; 95% CI: 1.07-5.53), discussion with family members (AOR, 3.50; 95% CI: 1.49-8.26), and friend support networks (AOR, 3.36; 95% CI: 1.34-8.43). Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (AOR, 0.27; 95% CI: 0.09-0.79) was negatively associated with approval. There was also a positive association between the support of the legal validity of end-of-life directives (OR, 1.93; 95% CI: 1.07-3.48), without other confounding factors. In Taiwanese society, we remain mindful of cultural influences that may impact patients, including maintaining one’s quality of life, discussion with family members, and friend/support networks. These influences may help dementia patients complete their advance directives.
Document Type
Original Article
Keywords
advance directive
dementia
patient autonomy
quality of life
culture
Link to PubMed
74_3_215.pdf 1.91 MB