Ji, Yuhao Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University
Ryuji, Yuki Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University
Matsumura, Kentarou Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University
Biogenic amines such as dopamine are physiologically neuroactive substances that affect behavioral and physiological traits in invertebrates, and it has long been known that these substances affect mating behavior in insects. Caffeine is a dopamine activator and thus enhances dopamine receptor activity. However, the effects of caffeine intake on insect mating behavior have been largely unexplored. Therefore, we examined the effect of caffeine on mating behavior in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. Caffeine, which activates dopamine, affected the mating behavior of T. castaneum males. Males who orally ingested caffeine courted faster than males who did not, resulting in faster mounting of females and less time to a male's external aedeagus protrusion. However, the present results showed no difference in sperm precedence measured as a P2 value between males fed caffeine and males not fed caffeine. We discuss the effects of caffeine on insect mating and the possibility that caffeine consumption may cause males to mate with more females in the laboratory.
number of mating
red flour beetle
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ji Yuhao et. al. Effects of caffeine on mating behavior and sperm precedence in Tribolium castaneum. Ethology 127(1), 45-49 (2021), which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/eth.13094. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This fulltext is available in September, 2021.
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