ID 54929
JaLCDOI
Sort Key
7
Title Alternative
The Review for the Future Studies of the Children's Adjustment to the Kindergarten and the Facilitation This Process of Adjustment
FullText URL
Author
真嶋 梨江 Minan Preschool
岡山 万里 Faculty of Human Sciences, Toyo Eiwa University
髙橋 敏之 Graduate School of Education, Okayama University
Nishiyama, Osamu Graduate School of Education, Okayama University
Abstract
 近年、入園などに伴う子どもの移行期が注目され、新しい環境への適応とその支援は、保育・教育現場の重要な課題となっている。幼稚園等は、幼児同士が初めて集団生活を経験する場としての役割を担い、園に適応し安定した生活を送ることは、その後の1人1人の発達の基盤となる。そこで本論では、幼児の園への適応支援の在り方を検討するために、まず、幼児期における適応の定義を明確化することを試みた。また、保育・教育領域における適応を捉える視点を整理した。次に、これらを踏まえ、幼児の園への適応支援における保育者の役割を中心に検討を加えた。さらに、現行の『幼稚園教育要領』等における適応に関する記述を確認した。その結果、幼児の園への適応の中核は「幼児の心理的な安定」と「幼児と環境との適切な関係構築」と捉えることができ、その支援に関わる保育者の役割が明示された。最後に、研究方法の課題等を整理し、今後の研究展望を示した。
Abstract Alternative
 First, this study has attempted to clarify the definition of ‘readiness’ or ‘adjustment’ of pre-kindergarten age children to their first group life in society. This is considered to help evaluate various ways in which support is provided for them. Secondly, the paper describes the viewpoints that are currently applied to young children’s adjustment to pre-school education. Based upon the above, the study has proceeded to focus on the role of the kindergarten teacher in order to facilitate this process of adjustment. Furthermore, the salient points of “Course of study for Kindergarten,” etc. have been summarized. As a result, the foundation for the children’s adjustment to the kindergarten has been found to lie in their “psychological stability” and “the interaction between the children and the new environment.” Finally, the methodology used in the present study has been reviewed so that the direction of future studies may be shown.
Keywords
幼児 (young children)
園への適応 (adjustment to the kindergarten and the facilitation)
保育者の役割 (the role of the kindergarten teacher)
心理的安定 (psychological stability)
関係構築 (the interaction between the children and the new environment)
Note
原著 : 研究論文
Publication Title
Bulletin of Center for Teacher Education and Development, Okayama University
Published Date
2017-03-27
Volume
volume7
Publisher
岡山大学教師教育開発センター
Publisher Alternative
Center for Teacher Education and Development, Okayama University
Start Page
41
End Page
50
ISSN
2186-1323
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
OAI-PMH Set
岡山大学
language
日本語
Copyright Holders
Copyright © 2017 岡山大学教師教育開発センター
File Version
publisher
Refereed
False
Eprints Journal Name
cted