ID 32293
JaLCDOI
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Author
Jin, Zaishun
Teramoto, Norihiro
Takada, Kenzo
Hayashi, Kazuhiko
Akagi, Tadaatsu
Abstract

It has been reported that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) resides in resting B cells in vivo. However, an ideal in vitro system for studying EBV latent infection in vivo has not yet been established. In this study, a mantle cell lymphoma line, SP53, was successfully infected with a recombinant EBV containing a neomycin-resistant gene. The EBV-carrying SP53 cells were obtained by selection using G418. They expressed EBER-1, EBNAs, and LMP1; this expression pattern of the EBV genes was similar to that in a lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL). However, proliferation assay showed that the EBV-carrying SP53 cells have a doubling time of 73 h, compared with 57 h of SP53 cells. Transplantation of 10(8) SP53 cells to nude mice formed tumors in 4 of 10 mice inoculated, but the EBV-carrying SP53 cells did not. Unexpectedly, EBV infection reduced the proliferation and tumorigenicity of SP53 cells. However, the EBV-carrying SP53 cells showed higher resistance to apoptosis induced by serum starvation than did the SP53 cells. The inhibition of proliferation and the resistance to apoptosis induced in SP53 cells by EBV infection indicate that this cell line might to some extent provide a model of in vivo EBV reservoir cells.

Keywords
Epstein-Barr virus
mantle cell lymphoma
latent infection
in vivo reservoir
SP53 line
Amo Type
Article
Published Date
2000-10
Publication Title
Acta Medica Okayama
Volume
volume54
Issue
issue5
Publisher
Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
193
End Page
200
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
True
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT