1 32
ID 15222
JaLCDOI
Sort Key
3
Title Alternative
Nursing Care Workers' Concerns about Child Restraint System
FullText URL
Author
Ono, Kiyomi
Sumiyoshi, Kazuko
Okazaki, Yuka
Ohta, Takeo
Abstract
本調査は患児の救急搬送時のことやCRS (child restraint system)における法規制の理解などに対する看護職の意識と子どもの車での搬送に関する問題への対応を知る目的で実施した。岡山市内にある病院および保健所・保健センターに勤務している看護職725名(回収率72.2%)を対象に無記名アンケート方式で郵送法にて実施した。その結果,入退院時の搬送については「一度も話したことがない者」は84.6%で,搬送に関してはほとんど関与していなかった。CRSの除外規定に関する法的理解について5項目質問したが、正解者は40.9%であった。その他"肥満児および精神的な不穏時のCRSの対応"として は保護者への判断を促す者と医師の判断を仰ぐ者との2通りの意見があった。 わが国では健常児の非CRS使用時の搬送時に事故がおき運転者責任を問われたが,除外規定に関する判例ではなかった。今後は交通事故の発生の場合には確実にCRSの問題は運転者の判断を問われることになる。看護職としては子どもの搬送にCRSは関与していることを認識することへの示唆となるだろう。
Abstract Alternative
This study surveyed nursing care workers (workers) understandings of regulations regarding the emergent transportation of childhood patients and child restraint systems (CRS). It also ascertained how they addressed issues involved in the transportation of children by car. Subjects were 725 workers at hospitals or health centers in Okayama City, who were sent an anonymous style questionnaire that was then retrieved by mail (recovery rate 72.2%). As the results, 84.6% of workers had never discussed childhood patient transportation during admission/discharge, with most not being involved in the transportation of children. Only 40.9% answered correctly to 5 questions regarding the exclusive provisions of CRS used to ascertain understanding of the regulations. There were two responses regarding "CRS application to fat children or those with mental restlessness": some encouraged the parents to make a decision and others took advices from doctors. A driver was held responsible for a car accident in Japan when a healthy child was transported without CRS. No case regarding the exclusive provisions has yet been reported. In cases of car accidents, drivers will from now surely be held responsible for the use of CRS. This survey provided nursing care workers for the opportunity to recognize the importance of CRS in the emergenty transportation of children.
Keywords
チャイルドシート (child restraint system)
看護職 (nursing care worker)
子どもの搬送 (child transportation)
Publication Title
岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
Published Date
2002-12-25
Volume
volume13
Issue
issue1
Publisher
岡山大学医学部保健学科
Publisher Alternative
Faculty of Health Sciences Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
17
End Page
24
ISSN
1345-0948
NCID
AA11403004
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
OAI-PMH Set
岡山大学
language
日本語
File Version
publisher
NAID
Eprints Journal Name
fhs