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ID 15006
Eprint ID
15006
FullText URL
Title Alternative
気管支喘息におけるエゴマ油と白血球のロイコトリエンB4,C4合成
Author
Mifune, Takashi
Hosaki, Yasuhiro
Yokota, Satoshi
Tsugeno, Hirofumi
Tanizaki, Yoshiro
Yamamoto, Junko
Tsuji, Takao
Abstract
In recent years, it has been noted that there is a close correlation between leukotrienes and late asthmatic reaction (LAR). In this study, effects of dietary supplementation with perilla seed oil rich in alpha-linolenic acid, which is speculated to affect the generation of leukotrienes through metabolism of arachidonic acid (AA), were evaluated in 6 patients with asthma. The symptoms and ventilatory function were improved after 2-week dietary supplementation with perilla seed oil. The generation of LTB4 and LTC4 by peripheral leucocytes stimulated with Ca ionophore A23187 was significantly suppressed by the dietary supplementation (LTB4 and LTC4 ; p<0.05). Regarding the composition of fatty acids in serum phospholipids, the concentrations of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and AA tended to increase after the supplementation, accompanied with an increase in the ratio of EPA to AA. These results suggest that dietary supplementation with perilla seed oil brings beneficial effects in the treatment of asthma.
Abstract Alternative
近年,ロイコトリエンと遅発型気管支反応(LAR)との密接な関連が注目されている。本論文では,アラキドン酸(AA)代謝を通してロイコトリエン合成に関与すると推定される,αリノレン酸を多く含むエゴマ油による食事療法の臨床効果を,気管支喘息を対象に検討した。臨床症状および換気機能は,2週間のエゴマ油投与で明らかな改善差傾向を示した。Ca ionophore A23187刺激時の白血球のLTB4およびLTC4産生は,エゴマ油投与により,投与前に比べ有意の減少を示した(p<0.05)。血中脂肪酸に関しては,イエイコサペンタエン酸(EPA),ドコサヘキサエン酸(DHA)およびAA濃度は,エゴマ油投与により増加傾向を示し,同時にEPA/AA比も増加する傾向が見られた。以上の結果より,エゴマ油による食事療法は,治療上有用であると考えられた。
Keywords
n-3系脂肪酸 (n-3 fatty acids)
気管支喘息 (bronchial asthma)
アラキドン酸 (arachidonic acid)
LTB4
LTC4
Published Date
1996-11
Publication Title
岡大三朝分院研究報告
Publication Title Alternative
Annual Reports of Misasa Medical Branch, Okayama University Medical School
Volume
volume67
Publisher
岡山大学医学部附属病院三朝分院
Publisher Alternative
Misasa Medical Branch, Okayama University Medical School
Start Page
35
End Page
42
ISSN
0918-7839
NCID
AN10430852
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
language
英語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
False
Eprints Journal Name
mmc